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see elmelm,
common name for the Ulmaceae, a family of trees and shrubs chiefly of the Northern Hemisphere. Elm trees (genus Ulmus) have a limited use as hardwoods for timber, especially the rock or cork elm (U. thomasi).
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One of the oldest foraged foods, going back half a million years. Tiny berries 1/4 inch (.63cm) on tree from fall to spring. Orange-red when ripe. Berries are thin skin around large, hard seed. Seed is also edible. Skin can be sucked off, but best way to consume is to crush entire berries in mortar and pestle into a sweet delicious nutritious mush. This paste can be eaten raw or dried into a “food bar”. Seeds can be blended and strained into a milk just like almond milk. Tree bark is lumpy with wart-like growths all over it. Indians used hackberry for sore throats, colds and menstrual regulation.



(Celtis), a genus of deciduous or more rarely evergreen trees of the family Ulmaceae. The leaves are asymmetrical and serrated, with three veins at the base. The blossoms are opaque and polygamous, with a simple five-membered perianth. The fruit is a drupe. There are about 50 species in tropical and arid regions of the temperate zones in the western and eastern hemispheres. In the USSR there are two species. Caucasian hackberry (C. caucasicd) is a tree up to 20 m tall with grayish green downy leaves that grows in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Smooth hackberry (C. glabratd) is 4– m tall and grows on dry rocky slopes of the Crimea and Caucasus.

Hackberry is widely used for greenery and for protective for-estation, especially in arid regions. The fruit is edible; the leavesare used for animal fodder and the bark in tanning hides. Thewood is hard and durable; it is used in cabinetry, woodworking, and carving.



Celtis occidentalis. A tree of the eastern United States characterized by corky or warty bark, and by alternate, long-pointed serrate leaves unequal at the base; produces small, sweet, edible drupaceous fruit.
Any of several other trees of the genus Celtis.
References in periodicals archive ?
He also had Horace's Odes set to music (Spitz, 81), and Spitz says Horace's real rise to fame in German humanism is owed to Celtis (90).
It would be expected that these two species would decline relative to those well represented in the lower size-classes, such as Carya cordiformis, Celtis occidentalis, and Aesculus glabra.
The species composition of the fallow plots was similar to the species composition of an abandoned field south of Penitas, Texas (55 km east of study sites) described by Clover (1937) which contained Celtis pallida, C.
Quercus rubra, Tilia americana, Liriodenderon tulipifera, Fraxinus americana, Ulmus rubra, Celtis occidentalis, and Prunus serotina are subdominants commonly found in beech-maple woods (Lindsey and Escobar, 1976).
Studying germination of Celtis in conjunction with Sapium provides a model for comparison with an ecologically similar native species.
The shrubs and trees along the east edge of the woods are analogous to those described above except that Cornus drummondii, Carpinus caroliniana, and Ostrya virginiana are much less common and Acer nigrum, Celtis occidentalis, Rosa multiflora, Rubus occidentalis, R.
Conrad Celtis called in Olmutz on one of his tours of Europe and may have given local intellectuals the idea of founding the admittedly somewhat later Sodalitas Marcomannica.
I would have gladly read more about the letters of Ulsenius to Celtis (which are available however in H.
Intervascular pit membranes in Ulmus and Celtis native to the United States.
He said that one of the major indicators of human action in the rainforest is the sheer prevalence of fast-growing 'weed' trees such as Macaranga, Celtis and Trema.
Their ranges actually overlap to the extent that naturally occurring hybridization is possible due to the genetic similarities of these two species within the genus Celtis, which actually consists of about 40 species worldwide.