Central Africa


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Central Africa

 

(Equatorial Africa), a natural region encompassing western Africa in the equatorial and subequatorial latitudes. It is circumscribed by the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Congo-Chad watershed to the north, the East African Plateau to the east, and the Congo-Zambezi watershed to the south. The following countries lie fully or partially within Central Africa: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Congo, the Central African Republic, Zambia, Zaire, and Angola. The bulk of the population is composed of Bantu-speaking peoples.

Much of Central Africa is occupied by the vast Congo Basin, rimmed by terraced plateaus and dome-block uplands lying at elevations of 1,000–1,500 m or more. The region’s hot equatorial and subequatorial climate, either continually humid or having a prolonged wet season, is formed under the year-round influence of oceanic air masses from the Atlantic. Hydrographically, most of Central Africa belongs to the Congo (Zaire) basin; only a few relatively minor rivers flow independently into the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, among them the Sanaga, Ogooue, Kouilou, and Cuanza. The region’s river network is the densest in Africa and the one with the greatest runoff. Broken by numerous rapids, the rivers have a hydroelectric potential of 500 million kilowatts.

Most of Central Africa is covered by evergreen and deciduous-evergreen rain forests, which in the extreme north and south give way to secondary high-grass savanna. The fauna species belong to the Ethiopian Zoogeographic Region.

I. N. OLEINIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The meeting is due to discuss reports on the freedom of the press in east and central Africa, work conditions of the journalists in the two regions, impunity and justice for journalists.
The government of Equatorial Guinea seeked advice from StoneHill Education and Boston University School of Education to launch The American University of Central Africa, which will be located in the city of Oyala, Equatorial Guinea.
Our focus in East and Central Africa will be on what we have been doing for many years with Continental Products, which is leveraging and exploiting the value of our technology in packaging, tobacco and labeling.
The Central Africa relief programme was incorporated into QRC's Ramadan 1435 AH campaign, launched under the slogan "Your Donation Is Their Lifeline", with targeted QR7,355,000 worth of projects, including refugee food packages (QR495,000), IDP food packages (QR1,080,000), primary healthcare (QR3,300,000), non-food items (QR570,000), family tents (QR1,850,000) and family hygiene kits (QR60,000).
Central Africa is a broken state, its economy and sense of community shattered and worse disorder not out of the question.
In 1999 there were 106 million kids out of school globally, and by 2008 that figured dropped to 60 million, according to Yumiko Yokozeki, a regional education adviser for UNICEF in West and Central Africa.
The remaining countries in the region have relatively small economies and are not even close to featuring, leaving Central Africa ignored but not forgotten in our listings.
The new data from the field in Central Africa revealed elephants were being poached for their ivory, at a shocking nine percent per year.
IFC said that it has invested USD6m in Activa to insure farmers in West, Central Africa.
By virtue of this partnership, Xpress Money will be launching its services in Senegal, Cote 'd' Ivoire, Benin, Togo, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger in West Africa and Cameroon, Tchad, D R Congo and Congo Brazzaville in Central Africa.
Sudhesh Giriyan, Vice President and Business Head of Xpress Money, said: "Looking at the remittance potential of West & Central Africa, it was imperative that we plan to launch our operations here.
The 15-acre business park and will include the Hino showroom and workshop, a central parts depot for East and Central Africa, a vehicle logistics centre for warehousing and processing vehicles for East and Central Africa, and the Hino Academy.

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