Central Executive Committee


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Central Executive Committee

 

(CEC), from 1917 until the adoption of the Constitution of the USSR of 1936, the name given to the supreme bodies of state power of the USSR and the Union and autonomous republics. Each CEC was accountable to the corresponding congress of soviets and exercised legislative, administrative, executive, and supervisory functions when the congress was not in session. (See alsoALL-RUSSIAN CENTRAL EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE).

The CEC’s of the Union and autonomous republics were elected by the congresses of soviets of the respective republics. The Central Executive Committee of the USSR consisted of two equal chambers. The first chamber, the Union Soviet, was formed by the All-Union Congress of Soviets and consisted of representatives of the Union republics; representation in the Union Soviet was proportional to population, and the precise number of representatives was determined by the Congress. The second chamber, the Soviet of Nationalities, consisted of representatives of the Union and autonomous republics and autonomous oblasts; each Union and autonomous republic had five representatives, and each autonomous oblast had one. The membership of the Soviet of Nationalities as a whole was approved by the All-Union Congress of Soviets.

The Central Executive Committee of the USSR met in regular sessions. It elected the Presidium, which was the supreme body of legislative and executive power in the intervals between sessions. The Central Executive Committee of the USSR had a number of responsibilities. For example, it provided general guidance of the work of the government and all bodies of Soviet power, united and coordinated legislative and administrative work, supervised the observance of the constitution and the implementation of the decrees of the Congress of Soviets, formed the government, issued decrees and directives, and ratified law codes.

References in periodicals archive ?
After the disqualification of former prime minister Nawaz Sharif as party chief, the Central Executive Committee of the party had picked Punjab Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif as acting party president and it was decided at that time that he would be made a permanent party head after a due procedure.
The party's Central Executive Committee is scheduled to confirm the result of the opinion polls on March 14 and officially nominate Huang to run for the mayoral election.
LAHORE -- Former prime minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif praised the performance of Punjab Chief Minister Mohammad Shehbaz Sharif, in the meeting of Central Executive Committee of Pakistan Muslim League-N, for the tremendous development work in the province.
HYDERABAD:The Information Secretary Pakistan Muslim League (N) Hyderabad Division Jamal Arif Suharwardi has welcomed the decision of the central executive committee of nominating Punjab Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif as President PML-N.
She said the central executive committee and central working committee of PML (N) will meet tomorrow (Tuesday) to hold discussions on the party president.
Talking to the media persons in Islamabad on Monday, she said the Central Executive Committee and Central Working Committee of PML-N will meet on Tuesday to hold discussions on the election of the party president.
These sources said, majority of party leaders suggested that Shahbaz Sharif be made new party president Final decision in this regard would be made by Nawaz Sharif and it will be endorsed by Central Executive Committee of the party.
ISLAMABAD -- Despite publicly reiterating the option of resigning from what it describes as the 'cursed' parliament, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf's (PTI) central executive committee (CEC) did not even take up the issue for discussion on Tuesday.
Summary: London [United Kingdom], Jan 21 (ANI): Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) leaders have elected its Central Executive Committee (CEC) through balloting.
I S L A M A B A D -- Opposition leader in AJK Legislative Assembly and member central executive committee PPP Ch.
Islamabad -- Opposition leader in AJK Legislative Assembly and member central executive committee PPP Ch.
NAYPYyDAW (CyHAN)- Myanmar's State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi underwent eye operation in Nay Pyi Taw on Saturday morning, said U Win Htein, member of the central executive committee of the National League for Democracy.

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