Central Republic Botanical Garden

Central Republic Botanical Garden

 

a scientific research establishment of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR that coordinates scientific work in the botanical gardens of the Ukrainian SSR and the Moldavian SSR. The garden, founded in Kiev in 1936, covered an area of 169.6 hectares as of 1977. It includes departments of natural flora, acclimatization, dendrology and park studies, ornamental plants, sheltered ground, new cultures, plant physiology, ecology, and plant protection. These divisions study such problems as the introduction and acclimatization of new species, allelopathy, and park landscaping.

The gardens, which contain more than 11,000 species and varieties, are arranged in large sections, for example, Forests of the Ukraine, Steppes of the Ukraine, the Crimea, the Carpathians, the Caucasus, Middle Asia, the Altai, and the Far East; foreign plants are grown in the section the System of Higher Plants. The garden has a dendrarium and ornamental gardens, including the Syringarium, Rosarium, Topiary Garden, and Mountain Garden. Plants that are useful in medicine and industry, feed grains, and ornamental plants are grown. The herbarium contains about 70,000 leaves.

Several tree preserves operate under the auspices of the Central Republic Botanical Garden: Aleksandriia, a 201-hectare park in Belaia Tserkov’ with a scientific department for the introduction of tree species; Sofievka, a 152-hectare part in Uman’ with a department of reproductive biology; and Trostianets, a 198-hectare part in Chernigov Oblast with a department of seed studies.

The Central Republic Botanical Garden has published the annual Introduktsiia ta aklimatyzatsiia roslyn na Ukraini (Introduction and Acclimatization of Plants in the Ukraine) since 1966, as well as an annual on problems of allelopathy.

REFERENCE

Tsitsin, N. V. Botanicheskie sady SSSR. Moscow, 1974. Pages 65–67.

A. M. GRODZINSKII

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