Central Thai


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Central Thai

 

(Khon Thai, Thai Noi), a nation, main population of Thailand. They are also called Siamese, since the country was called Siam until 1939. Population in Thailand, about 16 million (1970, estimate); in addition, about 50,000 live in Malaysia and Burma.

The Thai language is related to the Thai group. Their religion is Hinayana Buddhism; worship of various spirits is also prevalent.

The ancestors of the Central Thai began migrating from the southern parts of East Asia to the territory of Thailand as early as the beginning of the Common Era. Their movement gathered momentum particularly in the 11th and 12th centuries. Assimilating the more ancient Mon-Khmer population and borrowing much from its culture, the Central Thai formed a nationality by the 14th century and established the centralized Thai state. Their main occupations are fishing and farming (field crop cultivation, rice growing, market gardening, and orchard cultivation). The national proletariat is small. Handicrafts are well developed: both men’s (weaving and wood carving) and women’s (silk weaving and ceramics).

REFERENCE

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (References.)
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
They are lead-glazed with copper-based colouring and unique in being the only group of northern or central Thai wares on which a chemical glaze is known to have been used.
We were unsure of where Central Thai was located in the centre so ventured inside only to find neither the restaurant nor a listing for it on the shopping directory.
We went back out into the cold and down the stairs to the River Wear, on the outside of the complex, where we discovered a Chinese buffet place but no Central Thai.
Because of the Tay Son, Vietnam was out of the picture for decades; the central Thai court was Chou Anou's chief antagonist.
We have before us a very readable perspective on early modern regional history that does not express the central Thai point-of-view, but rather that of the peripheral Lao.
Central Thai, at The Gates Shopping Centre, Framwellgate Bridge, Durham city, is the second restaurant for the family, who already operate the Royal Thai in Darlington.
Art-historian Forrest McGill begins part three by examining nineteenth-century central Thai paintings, focusing on Buddha's prior life as revealed by the Vessantara Jataka.

Full browser ?