Centralization


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Centralization

 

in biology, the evolutionary development of a single organ or a single organic system formed by the union of individual cells, tissues, or organs that perform related functions. An example of centralization is the concentration of diffusely distributed nerve cells into nerve trunks in the turbellarians; another example is the development of the vertebrates’ kidney from the metameric nephridia of the cephalochordata. Centralization is usually associated with the broadening and intensification of functions.

References in periodicals archive ?
will differ with the degree of centralization of the bureaucracy.
These optimized solutions exist in effective, efficient technologies that help corporations achieve financial transparency, control and centralization.
Second, IP-based connectivity removes distance and other limitations of analog KVM systems, for a more flexible centralization of control.
Centralization refers to the degree to which power is differentially distributed within an organization (Schminke et al.
The combined effects of centralization and downsizing led to a shift in workload from government-buying agents to prime defense contractors, and reduced government unique transaction costs with the market.
If Wipe Cycle was intended to introduce circuits of video feedback within the controlled environment of the gallery, it also served as a blueprint for guerrilla television--those efforts among video activists to respond to the centralization of commercial television with feedback in the form of politically engaged documentaries to be broadcast on cable.
1000 a balance existed between the autonomy of the diocesan Church and the role of the papacy; but after the break with the East an excessive centralization developed in mediaeval Europe, especially with the canonical formulation of the pope's universal jurisdiction--which is his power to intervene directly in the affairs of any diocese in the world, whatever the sentiments of the local bishop or his flock.
With the closing of the plant in Denver and the centralization of all operations in Northern Ontario, inventory control has become an important aspect of the company's operation.
Centralization of the assembly of large-scale parts is another objective.
But the unresolved question that surrounds this interpretation o f Florentine history, and of Guicciardini's early political thought, is whether we should see these developments as the product of growing "realism" -- as a pragmatic response to fiscal, military, and political exigencies -- or as the expression of class interests by ottimati who saw themselves threatened by both more radically popular forms of republicanism and by the centralization of power of which the Medici, and especially Lorenzo, were the chief expression.
The primary advantages of the task force concept, in addition to the obvious pooling of funds, resources, and personnel, are the centralization of information or intelligence and the combining of different areas of expertise.
True, in imperial cities, most of which became Protestant, the Reformation witnessed increased centralization through magisterial control of matrimony.