Beaubourg

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Beaubourg

(bōbo͝or`), popular name for the

Georges Pompidou National Center for Art and Culture

(zhôrzh pôNpēdo͞o`), museum in Paris, France; the popular name is derived from the district in which it is located. Proposed by French president Georges PompidouPompidou, Georges Jean Raymond
, 1911–74. French political leader, president of France (1969–74). Georges Pompidou taught school and then served in World War II until the fall (1940) of France, when he returned to teaching.
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 in 1969, the center was designed by architects Renzo PianoPiano, Renzo
, 1937–, Italian architect, b. Genoa. Piano attended architecture school at Milan Polytechnic, graduating in 1964. He worked with architects Louis I. Kahn and Z. S. Makowsky from 1965 to 1970.
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 of Italy and Richard RogersRogers, Richard, Baron Rogers of Riverside,
1933–, British architect, b. Florence, Italy, studied Architectural Association, London (1954–59), Yale (M.Arch., 1962). With Norman Foster and two other architects he cofounded (1963) Team 4, his first firm.
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 of England along with the Danish engineering firm of Ove Arup and was opened in 1977. Its industrial style, with bold architectural elements such as its steel superstructure, clear plastic escalator tunnels, brightly colored elevators, and color-coded utility pipes and ducts exposed on the outside of the building, generated furious controversy during its construction and for some years thereafter. Like the Eiffel TowerEiffel Tower,
structure designed by A. G. Eiffel and erected in the Champ-de-Mars for the Paris exposition of 1889. The tower is 984 ft (300 m) high and consists of an iron framework supported on four masonry piers, from which rise four columns uniting to form one shaft.
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, which precipitated a critical storm in its own time, the Beaubourg has become a tourist attraction and a popular Parisian landmark. Now commanding much of the authority of a 20th-century LouvreLouvre
, foremost French museum of art, located in Paris. The building was a royal fortress and palace built by Philip II in the late 12th cent. In 1546 Pierre Lescot was commissioned by Francis I to erect a new building on the site of the Louvre.
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, the six-story building houses a museum of modern and contemporary art, a public library, a cinema and performance halls, and music and industrial design centers. By the early 1990s rust and peeling paint on the building's exterior made restoration necessary. Begun in 1997 and completed in 1999 (the museum reopened in 2000), the renovation included increased space, an updated library, basement theaters, a restaurant, and other expanded facilities. In 2010 the Beaubourg opened its first regional museum, in Metz. The Pompidou-Metz features art from the Paris collection, showcased in a futuristic structure designed by the Japanese architect Shigeru Ban.

Bibliography

See N. Silver, The Making of Beaubourg (1994).

References in periodicals archive ?
The famous French designer bowed out in style at his final haute couture collection at the Centre Georges Pompidou art gallery in Paris.
Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
Le Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris organizes the largest retrospective of Canadian films ever held anywhere.
The New York based artist has exhibited internationally at institutions such as the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Documenta VIII, IX, Kassel; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; the Skulptur Projekte, Munster; the Museum Ludwig, Cologne; the Hirshhorn Museum, Washington; and the Tate, Liverpool.
In 2012 the Centre Georges Pompidou Museum (Paris, France) acquired her works for its permanent collection.
The Hotel Sejour Beaubourg is located in the very centre of Paris, only a few steps from the Centre Georges Pompidou and within walking distance of the Louvre and Notre Dame.
His works are featured in museum collections worldwide including The Art Institute of Chicago, Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
An important original 1970 wall sculpture by acclaimed op/kinetic artist Jesus Rafael Soto (Venezuelan, 1923-2005) C whose work was exhibited at New York's Museum of Modern Art, the Guggenheim and Centre Georges Pompidou C is estimated at $75,000-$150,000.
Carole-Anne Davies, chief executive of the Design Commission for Wales, a said: "Richard Rogers had made a massive contribution to architecture throughout his career, r from the creativity he brought to re-imagining the Centre Georges Pompidou to transforming the mundane with Madrid-Barajas Airport.
Agam's "selected suites" were at the Jewish Museum in New York (1975) and the "Chambre Agam" is permanently installed at Le Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, France.
The work of Roger Ballen is in many of the world's leading cultural institutions, including at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, and the Centre Georges Pompidou in France.
BCAM is a grand, three-story, 6,600-square meter structure, designed by Renzo Piano, architect of Kansai International Air Terminal in Osaka Bay and a joint collaborator on the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris.

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