duiker

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duiker

(dī`kər, dā`–), name for members of a group of small, light antelopesantelope,
name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in.
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, found in thick brush and forest over most of Africa. All stand under 25 in. (64 cm) high at the shoulder. They have arched backs, pointed faces, and short, sharp, straight horns; in most species the horns are present in both sexes. Solitary, mostly nocturnal animals, they dive into the brush when threatened; duiker means "diver" in Afrikaans. Although primarily browsers, they are less exclusively vegetarian than other antelopes. Their diet includes grasses, leaves, twigs, insects, and snails. The gray, or common, duiker, Sylvicapra grimmia, is found in the bush from Ethiopia to the Cape of Good Hope and W to Senegal. It stands up to 25 in. and weighs up to 30 lb (14 kg). The local races vary in color from fawn to bluish gray. Females are usually hornless. The many kinds of forest duiker belong to the genera Cephalophus and Philantomba. The blue duiker, P. monticola, found in W and central Africa, stands only 14 in. (36 cm) at the shoulder. Duikers are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

duiker

, duyker
1. any small antelope of the genera Cephalophus and Sylvicapra, occurring throughout Africa south of the Sahara, having short straight backward-pointing horns, pointed hooves, and an arched back
2. South African any of several cormorants, esp the long-tailed shag (Phalacrocorax africanus)
References in periodicals archive ?
It includes all the antelopes mentioned above, as well as the bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus), the red-fronted gazelle (Gazella rufifrons), the oribi (Ourebia ourebi), and several duikers (Sylvi-capra grimmia, Cephalophus rufilatus), as well as the African elephant (Loxodonta africana), Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer), giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), and anubis baboon (Papio anubis) and other monkeys.
Bones of a Cephalophus dorsalis carcass also tested positive for Ebola virus by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR, indicating that a third wild species may be naturally susceptible.
Considering coincidence of generic distributions with only Marburg hemorrhagic fever occurrences (Table 2), an initial list included 63 genera; 22 of these were omitted because their species had a large body size or were primates (Perodicticus, Galago, Gorilla, Leptailurus, Atilax, Dologale, Mungos, Crocuta, Lutra, Civettictis, Ceratotherium, Owcteropus, Pommochoerus, Litocranius, Taurotragus, Tragelaphus, Cephalophus, Sylvicapra, Oryx, Kobus, Redunca, Manis).