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Cerealia (Cerialia)

April 19
Ceres was the ancient Roman goddess of grain and of harvests, often identified with the Greek goddess Demeter. People held festivals in her honor in various locations, but the Cerealia originated in Rome, where she was worshipped at her temple on the Aventine Hill along with two other deities, Liber (a fertility god) and Libera, his female counterpart. The temple became a center of activity for the plebeians, or common people, who usually suffered when there was a grain shortage.
The festival known as Cerealia was observed at various locations only by Roman matrons, who, for several days preceding the festival, abstained from wine and other carnal pleasures. People who were in mourning were not allowed to appear at the celebration. For this reason, the Cerealia was not observed after the Battle of Cannae, when 50,000 Roman troops were killed by Hannibal.
There is a theory that April Fools' Day is a relic of the ancient Roman Cerealia, also held in April. According to legend, when Ceres's daughter Proserpine was carried off to the underworld by Pluto, Ceres heard the echo of her screams and tried to follow her voice. But it was a fool's errand, for it was impossible to locate the echo's source.
The Thesmophoria was a similar festival observed in ancient Greece.
AmerBkDays-2000, p. 247
ClassDict-1984, p. 140
DictRomRel-1996, p. 45
FestRom-1981, p. 102
OxClassDict-1970, p. 223
OxYear-1999, p. 160
References in periodicals archive ?
LantmA[currency]nnen Cerealia has given instructions to its dealers to immediately stop sales of the product.
Other taxa consistently present in each trap included, in descending importance, Cerealia (Zea and Triticum from adjacent cultivated fields), Poaceae, Franseria, Ulmus, Asteraceae (spines more than 2.
NA, Cerealia, Cerealis, Chiari & Forti, Chicco-lieve, Chirico, Chiron Alpina, Chovi, Ciccarese, Cirio, Cirio de Rica, Citterio, Colavita, Colmi, Colussi, Comercial CBG, Comercial Gallo, Compre y Compare, Conimex, Conserve Mediter.
Artemisia, Cerealia Apiaceae, Chenopodiaceae Brassicaceae, T.
A list of the ingredients of the frozen Organic Farmer Roll exhibited by Cerealia Unibake of Verden, Germany (Fax: 49-4231-663310), shows the lengths to which bakers must go in order to produce an organic product.
Bistefani, Burmar, Burrus, Burton's Foods, Butcher & Baker, Cadbury, Cadbury Dulciora, Cadbury Ireland, Cadbury's, Cadbury's Frozen, Caffarel, Caffreys, Cake Rena, California Cake, Callebaut, Camille Bloch, Campbell Soup, Candy, Candy Spain, Cantalou, Caramelos Capuchinos, Carillon, Carletti, Carlier, Carma Pfister, Carnaby, Castello y Juan, Cavendish & Harvey, CCA, Cebeco, Cedar Health, Cedar Health, Cedrinca, Celtic Chocolates, Cereal, Cerealia, Cerealia Hatting, CFP Brands, Chabert et Guillot, Champion Pastry, Chipita, Choc.
Eight flotation samples were taken from phase 1 a contexts, and five of these contained domesticated grains, resulting in a total of five classified as wheat or Cerealia (see below) and 28 classified as broomcorn millet grains (Tables 2 & 3).
A recent hit for Cerealia Unibake of Verden (Fax: 49-4231-663310) is its "Everything" bagel, topped with a mixture of onions, garlic, poppy seeds and sesame seeds, and suitable for a variety of piquant spreads.
NA, Cebeco, Celbert, Cereal, Cerealia, Cerealia Hatting, Cerealis, Champagne Cereales, Champion Pastry, Chia-vazza, Chiari & Forti, Chicco-lieve, Chipita, Chirico, Chiron Alpina, Ciao, Ciccarese, Cirio, Cisti Bu-gan Barra, Citterio, Claudia Cup Cake, Clement, CNP, Cobral, Cocachoc, Codan, Cofari, Cogesal, Colavita, Colmi, Colussi, Comercial CBG, Comercial Gallo, Comerfords, Compadres, Confood, Conimex, Continental Bakeries, Coolmore Foods, Coop Schweiz, Cooper.