Certificate Authority


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Certificate Authority

(cryptography, body)
(CA or "Trusted Third Party") An entity (typically a company) that issues digital certificates to other entities (organisations or individuals) to allow them to prove their identity to others. A Certificate Authority might be an external company such as VeriSign that offers digital certificate services or they might be an internal organisation such as a corporate MIS department. The Certificate Authority's chief function is to verify the identity of entities and issue digital certificates attesting to that identity.

The process uses public key cryptography to create a "network of trust". If I want to prove my identity to you, I ask a CA (who you trust to have verified my identity) to encrypt a hash of my signed key with their private key. Then you can use the CA's public key to decrypt the hash and compare it with a hash you calculate yourself. Hashes are used to decrease the amount of data that needs to be transmitted. The hash function must be cryptographically strong, e.g. MD5.

http://home.netscape.com/comprod/server_central/support/faq/certificate_faq.html#11.
References in periodicals archive ?
The registration authority presents its opinion of the validity of the Subscriber's identity to the certificate authority, which in turn issues the subscriber a digital certificate and a "key pair.
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Our stringent authentication and certificate issuance process is unparalleled in the industry, and that is the primary reason why businesses large and small are turning to XRamp as their Certificate Authority of choice.

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