Andrea Cesalpino

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Cesalpino, Andrea

 

(also Andreas Caesalpinus). Born June 6, 1519, in Arezzo; died Feb. 23, 1603, in Rome. Italian physician, naturalist, and philosopher.

Cesalpino was a professor at the universities of Pisa (1555) and Rome (1592). A forerunner of W. Harvey in the study of blood circulation, he was the first to describe systemic circulation. Cesalpino laid the groundwork for plant morphology, anticipating the theories of metamorphosis and the homology of organs. In 1583 he proposed the first system of the plant kingdom, based mainly on the structure of seeds, flowers, and fruits. He distinguished two classes of trees and shrubs, 12 classes of subshrubs and herbs, and one class of aspermous plants. His classification system greatly influenced the development of botany. Cesalpino’s philosophical views on nature were based on the teachings of Aristotle.

WORKS

Quaestiones peripateticae. Venice, 1571.
De plantis libri XVI. Florence, 1583.

REFERENCES

Viviani, U. Vita e opere di Andrea Cesalpino. Arezzo, 1922.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aunque se trata de un trabajo eclectico, por no decir exotico, profuso en referencias variadisimas, desde He risistrato a Fenelon, de Cesalpino a Stahl, de Buffon o de Charles Bonnet al apostol San Pablo.
It derives historically from Aristotelianism through the reflections of Cesalpino, Linnaeus, Buffon, Lamarck and other founders of modern natural history.
Pomponazzi, Telesio, Bruno, Vanini, Campanella, Cesalpino, appear to be the sons of many nations.
En honor al botanico y medico italiano Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603).
Pavord accuses Mattioli of appropriating without acknowledgment the work of one of her heroes, Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603), the Italian plantsman who served as curator of the botanic garden at Pisa.
Comenzaron sin embargo a formarse verdaderos botanicos tales como L'Ecluse, Cordus, Cesalpino, Gesner, y a hacerse buenos e instructivos libros sobre esta materia en la que comenzaban a apreciarse incluso algunos trazos de metodo.
species described as lunaria quarta by Andrea Cesalpino (1583).
Las repeticiones presentes en el Libro xi podrian depender, pues, de las dificultades halladas por Sahagun a la hora de adaptar especies, en muchos casos no inmediatamente asimilables a las europeas, a un esquema clasificado fundado en la auctoritas de los clasicos, a menudo indulgente con lo extrano y maravilloso, que comenzara a adquirir forma y estructura mas definidas a partir de la publicacion, en 1583, del tratado De Plantis, de Andrea Cesalpino, una de las primeras aplicaciones de la logica formal aristotelica a cuestiones de taxonomia biologica (Minelli, 1991).
There he studied under Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603), a celebrated physician, Professor of Materia Medica, and one of the greatest botanists of all time.