César Auguste Franck

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Franck, César Auguste

 

Born Dec. 10, 1822, in Liege; died Nov. 8, 1890, in Paris. French composer and organist.

Franck, who was of Belgian extraction, attended the Paris Conservatory, where he studied piano with P. J. Zimmermann, organ with F. Benoist, and composition with A. S. Leborne. From 1843 he made his living as an organist for various Parisian churches and by teaching. In 1872 he became an organ professor at the Paris Conservatory; his students included V. d’lndy, H. Duparc, E. Chausson, and C. Bordes. He was a founder of the Société Nationale de Musique (1871), and became its president in 1886.

The works of Franck, a representative of musical romanticism of the second half of the 19th century, embody French, Flemish, and Belgian musical traditions and show the influence of J. S. Bach, the classical Viennese composers, and romanticism. Many of Franck’s compositions attain a sublime, profound lyricism. His principal works were written for instrumental ensembles and combine classical form with romantic élan; they include the Symphony in D minor (1888), the symphonic poems Les Eolides (1876), Le Chasseur maudit (1882), and Psyché (1888; with chorus), the tone poem Les Djinns, the Variations symphoniques (for piano and orchestra; 1885), and chamber music and music for piano and organ. Franck made an important contribution to opera and choral music with such oratorios as Rédemption (symphonic poem; second version, 1874) and Les Béatitudes (1876–79) and the operas Hulda (1885; staged 1894) and Ghisèle (staged 1896; completed by V. d’lndy, E. Chausson, and others).

REFERENCES

Rogozhina, N. Sezar Frank. Moscow, 1969.
d’lndy, V. César Franck. Paris, 1930.
Dufourcq, N. César Franck. Paris, 1949.
Gallois, J. Franck. Paris, 1966.
Mohr, W. C. Franck, 2nd ed. Tutzing, 1969.

I. A. MEDVEDEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Vallas discovered the truth because of another journey to England that de Ternant described, one by Debussy's former organ teacher Cesar Franck, that was even more bizarre.
Jahrhunderts darstellen, namlich einmal die Bogenform und das Spiel mit den reflektierenden Ebenen nach Massenet, die Moglichkeiten der form cyclique von Cesar Franck und seiner Schulern.
No organ in the UK, by virtue of timbre, is better suited to the authentic performance of largescale Cesar Franck, and few organists have claimed the territory more convincingly than Ian Tracey.
Her programme of violin sonatas by Debussy, Ravel and Cesar Franck, makes an auspicious start to her recording career, as she gives the French composers a suitably subtle treatment, opening up for the Belgian Franck's spacious romanticism.
Music by Cesar Franck, Charles-Marie Widor, Max Reger, Olivier Messiaen, and Jehan Alain.
On the Sunday at 10am Newcastle Sinfonietta join the Abbey Choir for a Eucharist performance of Schubert's Mass in G, D167, plus Panis Angelicus by Cesar Franck, and the combined choirs of the abbey and Newcastle's St Nicholas' Cathedral meet for Evensong at 6.
They stand out lees for showy stylisations than for well-thought out compositional structure; Klicka was not just a composing organist familiar with the composition techniques usual in our Czech circles, but a composer with a supreme mastery of the royal instrument who expressed himself through its sound, like Cesar Franck, for example.
Gaerano Delogu will be conducting the orchestra for the second time this week in a popular programme, including the Cesar Franck Symphonic Variations, with IdiI Biret as soloist.
Fred said that if he ever got through this 'bloody war,' he would make a ballet to the Cesar Franck score," Somes recalls.
19 concert in Simi Valley will feature the Cesar Franck Symphony in D Minor - a powerful work Fanjeaud describes as sensual, exultant, passionate and filled with everything a Frenchman could want in life.
Turina,Franck, Falla Valerie Tryon, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra This is a treasurable collection of rhapsodic works for piano and orchestra, though the Cesar Franck Symphonic Variations are in fact more rigorous than that.
Bach, Samuel Barber, Cesar Franck, Charles Ives, and Louis Vierne.