Chester

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Chester,

city (1991 pop. 80,154), Cheshire West and Chester, W central England, on a sandstone height above the Dee River. It is a railroad junction. Manufactures include electrical equipment, paint, and window panes. Tourism is also important. Chester has a long military history, and it was a significant port for centuries. Under the name Castra Devana or Deva, it was the headquarters of the Roman 20th legion. The area was ravaged by Æthelfrith of Northumbria in the 7th cent. and the Danes in the 9th cent. Æthelflæd of Mercia fortified Chester again in the 10th cent. William I took it in 1070 and the following year granted it to his nephew, Hugh Lupus, as a palatine earldom. Chester served the English crown as a defensive bastion and was used as a base for operations against Wales from 1275 to 1284. During the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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, parliamentarians took Chester by siege in 1646. Its role as a port peaked from c.1350 to 1450; silting and the rise of LiverpoolLiverpool,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 448,300), NW England, on the Mersey River near its mouth. It is one of Britain's largest cities. A large center for food processing (especially flour and sugar), Liverpool has a variety of industries, including the manufacture
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 contributed to the decline of port trade by the late 18th cent. Chester remains medieval in appearance and is the only city in England that possesses its entire original wall. Notable features are this red sandstone wall, with a walk along the top; Agricola's Tower; 15th- and 16th-century timbered houses; the cathedral, with architecture of styles from Norman to Late Perpendicular; the Roodee, on which races have been held since 1540; St. John's Church; Grosvenor Museum; and "The King's School," a public school founded by Henry VIII in 1541. Characteristic of Chester are the Rows, a double tier of shops formed by projecting the second stories of the buildings along the main streets. The Chester Plays (see miracle playmiracle play
or mystery play,
form of medieval drama that came from dramatization of the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It developed from the 10th to the 16th cent., reaching its height in the 15th cent.
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) originated in the town.

Chester,

city (1990 pop. 41,856), Delaware co., SE Pa., on the Delaware River south of Philadelphia; settled c.1644 by Swedes, inc. as a city 1866. A port, it was also long a shipbuilding center. There are ship transfer facilities and factories making metal, food, and paper products; marine anchors; machinery; communications equipment; and consumer goods. A gambling casino and racetrack also contribute to the city's economy, The Commodore Barry Bridge, with one of the world's longest cantilever main spans, crosses the Delaware to Bridgeport, N.J.

The oldest city in the state, Chester (established as Upland) was the site of William PennPenn, William,
1644–1718, English Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania, b. London, England; son of Sir William Penn. Early Life

He was expelled (1662) from Oxford for his religious nonconformity and was then sent by his father to the Continent to overcome his
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's first landing (1682) in America. Penn renamed the settlement and convened (1682) the first assembly of the colony there. Foundations of the original settlement remain, in Governor Printz Park. Chester is home to Widener Univ. (1821).

Chester

 

a city in Great Britain; seat of the county of Cheshire. Population, 117,300 (1974). Chester is a commercial center on the Dee River and a transportation junction. Local industry includes machine building and metalworking.


Chester

 

a city in the eastern USA, in the state of Pennsylvania, on the Delaware River; a southwestern suburb of Philadelphia. Population, 52,000 (1975). Chester, which was founded in 1644, has an iron and steel industry and enterprises of the metalworking, machine-building, oil-refining, and chemical industries. Equipment for power engineering and heavy industry is produced. There are shipyards and automotive assembly plants in Chester.

Chester

a city in NW England, administrative centre of Cheshire, on the River Dee: intact surrounding walls; 16th- and 17th-century double-tier shops. Pop.: 80 121 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
We have moved to tie up deals with Cestrian Trading, and there will also be a number of initiatives that we will be jointly embarking upon.
Thereafter, the Puritans' anti-theatrical campaign from the pulpits of Chester, along with their power in the Privy Council, guaranteed that Cestrians involved in future stagings would face consequences that made the prospect of further production untenable.
Regional sales and marketing director Fiona Brooks said: "Many people who have bought at Cestrian Court have done so because their previous property became too much work for them.
The Cestrians shocked the First Division side by taking the lead after 64 minutes.
The hosts were hoping for a giant-killing act but the Cestrians rose to the occasion and their clear victory enabled them to progress in the Brooks Mileson Memorial Cup.
Horden are now fourth from bottom while the Cestrians are just two places and three points above them in the relegation zone.
Cestrian Court, which will comprises 46 one and two bedroom apartments, is designed for people aged 60 and over who are looking for security and independence.
Andrew Grant Soulsby, Chris Stephenson and Lee Mole just about had the tie wrapped up within half- an-hour, and in the second half the Cestrians went nap through Kevin Dixon and Ben Johnson.
After successfully overcoming the loss of the two games when Zohaib Khan and Jack Clark were simultaneously missing, two successive wins have thrust them back into the picture in third place, albeit a distant 56 points behind the Cestrians.
MYSELF and many other Cestrians (Chester people) are 'once again seething because you said our hero was born in Hawarden, Wales - wrong
The match, played in front of a good crowd at the Swans Recreational Ground in Walker, saw the Cestrians score twice inside the opening eight minutes.
The shocked Cestrians conceded again shortly after the restart as Tracey Embleton made it 7-0 with her first strike of the season.