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a settlement in Rumania, on the left bank of the Danube, 20 km northeast of the city of Vidin.
During the Crimean War (1853–56), a battle was fought on Dec. 25, 1853 (Jan. 6, 1854) between Russian and Turkish troops near Cetate. After separating from the main force of the Danube Army to observe crossing points on the Danube, the forward detachment of Colonel A. K. Baumgarten—about 2,500 men, including 200 cavalrymen, and six artillery pieces—was unexpectedly attacked by an 18,000-man Turkish force approaching from the direction of Calafat and supported by 24 artillery pieces. The Russian troops repulsed several attacks, inflicting considerable losses on the enemy. At a critical moment in the battle, when the Russians had lost half their men and had run out of artillery shells, the 2,500-man detachment of Major General K. A. Bel’gard came to their aid and, with a decisive counterattack, overran the enemy. The Turks lost as many as 3,000 men, six artillery pieces, and three banners; the Russians lost about 2,000 men.