2001), which also leads to the discovery of two unusual fatty acids in the lichen Cetraria
islandica: namely, octananedioic acid and nonanedioic acid.
R]) and UV spectra (190-400 nm) of the main peaks with those of reference substances previously isolated from lichens confirmed that the methanol extract of Cetraria
islandica contains the depsidone fumarprotocetraric acid ([t.
Although feather mosses were the dominant cover within the tree island, Cetraria
nivalis and Cladina spp.
Extreme phenotypic variation in Cetraria
aculeata (lichenized Ascomycota): adaptation or incidental modification?
Non-vascular Herbaceous Negative Effects Cetraria
nivalis (1) Eriophorum vaginatum (2) Cladina arbuscula (7, 8) Oxytropis nigrescens (8) Cladina stellaris (1, 3, 5, 6) Pedicularis sudetica (8) Cladina mitis (1) Rubus chamaemorus (3) Cladina rangiferina (1) Solidago macrophylla (3) Stereocaulon paschale (1) Sphagnum sp.
Material from Burgos was found on algal films on soil overgrowing unidentified Cladonia mats in Quercus rotundifolia forest; other lichen species members also of the this terricolous community were Cetraria
aculeata, Cladonia convoluta, Diploschistes diacapsis, Toninia sedifolia and Xanthoparmelia pseudohungarica.
protolichesterinic acid (2), an aliphatic [alpha]-methylene-[gamma]-lactone from Cetraria
Ranges of lichens (Cladonia and Cetraria
genera) form one of the most important natural winter pasture resources for wild and semidomesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) (Alaruikka, 1964; Skuncke, 1969; Skogland, 1975; Andreyev, 1977).
Ingolfsdottir K, Jurcic K, Fischer B, Wagner H (1994) Immunomodulatory active polysaccharide from Cetraria
Exposed ridges are dominated by Cetraria
nivalis and gravel.
Lichens have a large variety of uses and for some of them, ethnopharmacological properties are reported as for Cetraria
islandica still indicated as a cough remedy (Van Haluwyn and Lerond, 1993).
Among lichens, Alectoria ochroleuca and Cetraria