Iceland moss

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Iceland moss:

see lichenlichen
, usually slow-growing organism of simple structure, composed of fungi (see Fungi) and photosynthetic green algae or cyanobacteria living together in a symbiotic relationship and resulting in a structure that resembles neither constituent.
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Iceland Moss

 

(Cetraria islandica), a lichen (not a moss) of the family Parmeliaceae. The thallus consists of elongated, branched brown lobes gathered in a bush with a height of up to 12 cm. Iceland moss is found in forest and tundra zones, growing mainly in pine forests, on heather moors and plains, and in the mountains. It contains the carbohydrates lichenin and isolichen-in. In the north it is an important food for reindeer.

References in periodicals archive ?
2001), which also leads to the discovery of two unusual fatty acids in the lichen Cetraria islandica: namely, octananedioic acid and nonanedioic acid.
R]) and UV spectra (190-400 nm) of the main peaks with those of reference substances previously isolated from lichens confirmed that the methanol extract of Cetraria islandica contains the depsidone fumarprotocetraric acid ([t.
Although feather mosses were the dominant cover within the tree island, Cetraria nivalis and Cladina spp.
Extreme phenotypic variation in Cetraria aculeata (lichenized Ascomycota): adaptation or incidental modification?
Non-vascular Herbaceous Negative Effects Cetraria nivalis (1) Eriophorum vaginatum (2) Cladina arbuscula (7, 8) Oxytropis nigrescens (8) Cladina stellaris (1, 3, 5, 6) Pedicularis sudetica (8) Cladina mitis (1) Rubus chamaemorus (3) Cladina rangiferina (1) Solidago macrophylla (3) Stereocaulon paschale (1) Sphagnum sp.
Material from Burgos was found on algal films on soil overgrowing unidentified Cladonia mats in Quercus rotundifolia forest; other lichen species members also of the this terricolous community were Cetraria aculeata, Cladonia convoluta, Diploschistes diacapsis, Toninia sedifolia and Xanthoparmelia pseudohungarica.
protolichesterinic acid (2), an aliphatic [alpha]-methylene-[gamma]-lactone from Cetraria islandica Laur.
Ranges of lichens (Cladonia and Cetraria genera) form one of the most important natural winter pasture resources for wild and semidomesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) (Alaruikka, 1964; Skuncke, 1969; Skogland, 1975; Andreyev, 1977).
Ingolfsdottir K, Jurcic K, Fischer B, Wagner H (1994) Immunomodulatory active polysaccharide from Cetraria islandica.
Lichens have a large variety of uses and for some of them, ethnopharmacological properties are reported as for Cetraria islandica still indicated as a cough remedy (Van Haluwyn and Lerond, 1993).