Iceland moss

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Iceland moss:

see lichenlichen
, usually slow-growing organism of simple structure, composed of fungi (see Fungi) and photosynthetic green algae or cyanobacteria living together in a symbiotic relationship and resulting in a structure that resembles neither constituent.
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Iceland Moss


(Cetraria islandica), a lichen (not a moss) of the family Parmeliaceae. The thallus consists of elongated, branched brown lobes gathered in a bush with a height of up to 12 cm. Iceland moss is found in forest and tundra zones, growing mainly in pine forests, on heather moors and plains, and in the mountains. It contains the carbohydrates lichenin and isolichen-in. In the north it is an important food for reindeer.

References in periodicals archive ?
The present work focuses for the first time on the possible neuroprotective and anticancer properties of the methanol extracts from two Parmeliaceae lichens from the cetraroid clade: Cetraria islandica and Vulpicida canadensis.
R]) and UV spectra (190-400 nm) of the main peaks with those of reference substances previously isolated from lichens confirmed that the methanol extract of Cetraria islandica contains the depsidone fumarprotocetraric acid ([t.
In traditional medicine some lichen species such as Iceland moss, Cetraria islandica, have been widely used for treating inflammatory conditions such as asthma and gastritis, as well as tuberculosis, without being associated with any adverse effects.
Lichens have a large variety of uses and for some of them, ethnopharmacological properties are reported as for Cetraria islandica still indicated as a cough remedy (Van Haluwyn and Lerond, 1993).
1999b) and 80% for the isolichenan-type glucan, Ci-3, from Cetraria islandica (Olafsdottir et al.
Ingolfsdottir, K, Breu W, Huneck S, Gudjonsdottir GA, Wagner H (1994) In vitro inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase by protolichesterinic acid from Cetraria islandica.