Chaban-Delmas, Jacques


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Chaban-Delmas, Jacques

(zhäk shäbäN`-dĕlmä`), 1915–2000, French political leader, born Jacques Delmas. He joined (1940) the resistance, using the nom de guerre "Chaban," which he later adopted legally, and was a key figure in the Allied liberation of Paris. He entered (1946) the chamber of deputies as a Radical Socialist but soon joined de Gaullede Gaulle, Charles
, 1890–1970, French general and statesman, first president (1959–69) of the Fifth Republic. The World Wars

During World War I de Gaulle served with distinction until his capture in 1916. In The Army of the Future (1934, tr.
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's party. From 1947 to 1995 he was mayor of Bordeaux, and he served in several cabinets. He was president of the national assembly from 1958 to 1969, when President PompidouPompidou, Georges Jean Raymond
, 1911–74. French political leader, president of France (1969–74). Georges Pompidou taught school and then served in World War II until the fall (1940) of France, when he returned to teaching.
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 appointed him premier. He was charged with evading personal income tax laws but received a vote of confidence in May, 1972. Many Gaullists nonetheless considered him too liberal, and Pompidou forced him to resign in July. He was replaced by Pierre MessmerMessmer, Pierre
(Pierre Joseph Auguste Messmer) , 1916–, French political leader. In World War II he fought with the Free French forces before joining General de Gaulle's staff. After the war, he held French colonial posts in Indochina and Africa.
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. In 1974 he ran unsuccessfully for the presidency. He again served as president of the national assembly (1978–81, 1986–88). Chaban-Delmas also wrote a number of books including L'Ardeur (1975), Charles de Gaulle (1980), La Dame d'Aquitaine (1987), Montaigne (1992), and a volume of memoirs (1997).

Chaban-Delmas, Jacques

 

(real surname, Delmas). Born Mar. 7, 1915, in Paris. French political and state figure.

Chaban-Delmas began writing journalism in 1933. During World War II he was active in the Resistance. He became a deputy to the National Assembly in 1946 and was elected mayor of Bordeaux in 1947. He was a leader of two Gaullist parties: the Rally of the French People and the Union for the Defense of the Republic.

Chaban-Delmas was minister of public works in 1954 and 1955, minister of state in 1956 and 1957, and minister of national defense in 1957 and 1958. From 1958 to 1969 and from 1978 to 1981 he served as president of the National Assembly. As prime minister from 1969 to 1972 he carried out a flexible social policy and put forward a program designed to bring about a more just “new society.” Chaban-Delmas became inspector general of finance in 1973 and ran for the office of president of the republic in 1974.

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