Chaeronea


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Chaeronea

(kĕrənē`ə), ancient town of Boeotia, Greece, in the Cephissus (now Kifisós) River valley and NW of Thebes. There the Athenians and Thebans were defeated (338 B.C.) by the Macedonians under Philip II, and in 86 B.C. Sulla defeated the army of Mithradates VI of Pontus under Archelaus. Chaeronea was the birthplace of Plutarch.

Chaeronea

 

an ancient city in Boeotia, Greece. The battle of Chaeronea took place not far from the city on Aug. 2 or, according to some sources, Sept. 1, 338 B.C. In the battle, an army 30,000 strong under Philip II of Macedon clashed with forces of roughly equal strength sent by Athens and Boeotia. The joint action of the Macedonian cavalry and the left wing of the Macedonian phalanx decided the battle for Philip. The left wing, which was under the command of the king’s 18-year-old son Alexander (the Great), attacked while the cavalry outflanked the enemy’s right. Philip’s victory led to the establishment of Macedonian hegemony in Greece.

References in periodicals archive ?
Five general maps, a diagram of the Battle of Chaeronea, and a good chronology keep the reader oriented.
A good resume of the Platonist outlook is Section 154, "Die Seele ist eine [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]," with selections from Porphyry and Plutarch of Chaeronea, who portray the soul as interposed between the realms of Being and Becoming, the intellectual and sensorial, so as to underscore its unique character and position in the world.
We know that he was born to a prominent family in Chaeronea, Boetia, a town about twenty miles east of Delphi.