Chaim Weizmann


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Chaim Weizmann: David Ben Gurion, Theodor Herzl

Weizmann, Chaim

(khīm` vīts`män), 1874–1952, scientist and Zionist leader, first president (1948–52) of Israel, b. Russia, grad. Univ. of Freiburg, 1899. He lectured in chemistry at the Univ. of Geneva (1901–3) and later taught at the Univ. of Manchester. Active in ZionismZionism,
modern political movement for reconstituting a Jewish national state in Palestine. Early Years

The rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 from his youth, Weizmann first visited Palestine in 1907. He became a British subject in 1910, and in World War I he was (1916–19) director of the British admiralty laboratories. He became famous when he developed a synthetic acetone to be used in the manufacture of explosives. In 1917 he helped procure the pro-Zionist declaration of Arthur James BalfourBalfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st earl of
, 1848–1930, British statesman; nephew of the 3d marquess of Salisbury.
..... Click the link for more information.
. A founder of so-called synthetic Zionism, Weizmann supported grass-roots colonization efforts as well as higher-level diplomatic activity. After 1920 he assumed leadership in the world Zionist movement, serving twice (1920–31, 1935–46) as president of the World Zionist Organization. In World War II he was (1939–45) honorary adviser to the British ministry of supply and did research on synthetic rubber and high-octane gasoline. When the republic of Israel was founded (1948), Weizmann became the first president. At Rehoboth, where he lived, Weizmann founded a research institute (now the Weizmann Institute of Science). He wrote many papers for scientific journals. Ezer WiezmanWeizman, Ezer
, 1924–2005, Israeli military officer and politician, president of Israel (1993–2000), b. Tel Aviv. A nephew of Chaim Weizmann, he helped found the Israeli air force, serving in it from 1948 to 1966 and rising to the rank of major general and commanding
..... Click the link for more information.
 is his nephew.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1949); his letters and papers (3 vol., 1968–72); biography ed. by M. W. Weisgal and J. Carmichael (1962); studies by I. Berlin (1958) and I. Kolatt (1970); P. Goodman, ed., Chaim Weizmann: A Tribute (1959).

Weizmann, Chaim

 

Born Nov. 27, 1874, near Pinsk; died Nov. 9, 1952, in Rehovot, Israel. Governmental figure of Israel. Born into the family of a lumber merchant.

Weizmann received his education in Russia, Germany, and Switzerland and was a professor of chemistry. He lived in Britain from 1903 until the end of World War II. Weizmann was a leader of the Zionist movement. He was president of the World Zionist Organization from 1920 to 1931 and from 1935 to 1946, and of the Jewish Agency for Palestine from 1929 to 1931 and from 1935 to 1946. He was the first president of the state of Israel (1948-52).

References in periodicals archive ?
Neither did he believe, as Chaim Weizmann did, that Britain would grant the Jews a state without being forced to.
In a related vein, it may be that Marshall's position as a non-Zionist leader--despite his commitment to Jewish minority rights worldwide and his partnership with the Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann to expand the Jewish Agency for Palestine in the late 1920s--has played a role in his historical invisibility.
The leader who looms largest in Segev's narrative is Chaim Weizmann, the Russian-born Jew who tirelessly promoted British support for Zionism.
10] Wilkansky's reports to London prompted Chaim Weizmann to enlist Mead's help in planning Zionist agriculture in Palestine.
The second big moment of choice is Vera and Chaim Weizmann saying in 1948, "Make your home in Israel," and him saying, "No.
Professor Chaim Weizmann, who led tho Zionist movement between the world wars and was to become Israel's first president, was considered a moderate.
Chaim Weizmann, a noted biochemist and biotechnologist, who envisioned the establishment of a world-class scientific research center in Israel, and later also became the first President of the State of Israel.
PHOTO (Color in Bulldog Edition) Schoolchildren visiting the Skirball Cultural Center take a close look at a Torah presented to President Truman by Chaim Weizmann in 1948 in an exhibit to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of modern Israel.
Chaim Weizmann, said that 'As Arabs must realise they can't drive Jews into the sea, so the Jews must realise they can't drive Arabs into the desert [and] the onus is on the Jews to prove they don't want to do this.
1 Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden married the Prime Minister's niece, Clarissa 2 The winter Olympics took place in Oslo 3 Oxford won the Boat Race in a blizzard 4 Israel's first President Chaim Weizmann died wordwise The word may sound familiar, but what does it mean?
Ben Gurion, told Zionist leaders in December of 1947, "I don't care if half the Jews in Europe have to die so the other half come to Palestine," and " Chaim Weizmann would later say: 'With regard to the Arab question -- the British told us that there are several hundred thousand Negroes there but this is a matter of no consequence.
In 1906, he met to discuss this with Chaim Weizmann, the research chemist and recent immigrant from pogrom-wracked Russia who, decades later, would become the first president of the State of Israel.