Chaim Weizmann


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Related to Chaim Weizmann: David Ben Gurion, Theodor Herzl

Weizmann, Chaim

(khīm` vīts`män), 1874–1952, scientist and Zionist leader, first president (1948–52) of Israel, b. Russia, grad. Univ. of Freiburg, 1899. He lectured in chemistry at the Univ. of Geneva (1901–3) and later taught at the Univ. of Manchester. Active in ZionismZionism,
modern political movement for reconstituting a Jewish national state in Palestine. Early Years

The rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th cent.
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 from his youth, Weizmann first visited Palestine in 1907. He became a British subject in 1910, and in World War I he was (1916–19) director of the British admiralty laboratories. He became famous when he developed a synthetic acetone to be used in the manufacture of explosives. In 1917 he helped procure the pro-Zionist declaration of Arthur James BalfourBalfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st earl of
, 1848–1930, British statesman; nephew of the 3d marquess of Salisbury.
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. A founder of so-called synthetic Zionism, Weizmann supported grass-roots colonization efforts as well as higher-level diplomatic activity. After 1920 he assumed leadership in the world Zionist movement, serving twice (1920–31, 1935–46) as president of the World Zionist Organization. In World War II he was (1939–45) honorary adviser to the British ministry of supply and did research on synthetic rubber and high-octane gasoline. When the republic of Israel was founded (1948), Weizmann became the first president. At Rehoboth, where he lived, Weizmann founded a research institute (now the Weizmann Institute of Science). He wrote many papers for scientific journals. Ezer WiezmanWeizman, Ezer
, 1924–2005, Israeli military officer and politician, president of Israel (1993–2000), b. Tel Aviv. A nephew of Chaim Weizmann, he helped found the Israeli air force, serving in it from 1948 to 1966 and rising to the rank of major general and commanding
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 is his nephew.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1949); his letters and papers (3 vol., 1968–72); biography ed. by M. W. Weisgal and J. Carmichael (1962); studies by I. Berlin (1958) and I. Kolatt (1970); P. Goodman, ed., Chaim Weizmann: A Tribute (1959).

Weizmann, Chaim

 

Born Nov. 27, 1874, near Pinsk; died Nov. 9, 1952, in Rehovot, Israel. Governmental figure of Israel. Born into the family of a lumber merchant.

Weizmann received his education in Russia, Germany, and Switzerland and was a professor of chemistry. He lived in Britain from 1903 until the end of World War II. Weizmann was a leader of the Zionist movement. He was president of the World Zionist Organization from 1920 to 1931 and from 1935 to 1946, and of the Jewish Agency for Palestine from 1929 to 1931 and from 1935 to 1946. He was the first president of the state of Israel (1948-52).

References in periodicals archive ?
En 1948, Berlin le escribe a Chaim Weizmann haciendole saber que su decision de permanecer en Oxford "en esta hora de crisis para nuestra propia gente puede parecer un imperdonable egoismo e incluso una suerte de frivolidad".
Second, Zionist Executive leader Chaim Weizmann colluded with the British government to set quotas on Jewish immigration to Palestine.
Chaim Weizmann was the first President of what country?
After gaining immense fame for his scientific breakthroughs, he was offered the presidency of Israel in 1952 after the death of the country's first president, Chaim Weizmann.
Raymond Cohen, the Chaim Weizmann professor of International Relations at the Hebrew University and a graduate of Oxford, is an outsider to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Em 1919, Chaim Weizmann, chefe da missao hebreia na Conferencia de Paz de Paris, apela ao Conselho Supremo formado pelas potencias vencedoras em favor da seguranca e dignidade judaicos, mediante a criacao do lar nacional para os judeus na Palestina.
He suspected that, for Balfour, Palestine was a mere "intellectual diversion" and that the aloof aristocrat would never have espoused the Zionist cause in the first place but for the flattery of a "plausible and astute Jew" - namely the Russian chemist and pioneering Zionist, Chaim Weizmann, who had settled in Britain and tirelessly propagandized the British ruling elite.
Wise, Marie Syrkin, Abraham Joshua Heschel, Mordecai Kaplan, and other American Jews; the extensive scholarship on Zionist leaders including Moses Hess, Theodor Herzl, Ahad Haam, David Ben-Gurion, Berl Katznelson, Chaim Weizmann, Manya Shohat, Henrietta Szold, Golda Meir, Menachem Begin, and Yigal Allon; and the rich vein of European Jewish biography, which includes figures as diverse as Benjamin Disraeli, Karl Marx, Franz Kafka, Sigmund Freud, Anne Frank, and Albert Einstein, to name but a few.
De entre los libros escritos a proposito de Einstein en los ultimos tiempos, este de Fritz Stern, hijo de Rudolf Stern, medico que fue de Chaim Weizmann, Isaiah Berlin, Fritz Haber, es un caso particular por todo lo que evoca, nada menos que "la promesa de una cultura", como reza el subtitulo.
At the beginning of July 1944, Chaim Weizmann, President of the Jewish Agency, made a formal request to the British and American governments to bomb the camps or the railways leading up to them, to prevent further killing from taking place.
In 1917, Chaim Weizmann persuaded the British government to issue a statement (later called the Balfour Declaration) favoring the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine.