The symbols of the twelve animals of Sino-Tibetan astrology carved in stone slabs and attached to the pedestal of the huge gilt bronze Vajra at Svayambhu Chaitya
are the evidences of this astrological system related to the Newar cultural tradition.
(caitya) is not the horseshoe-arched entrance of an Indian Buddhist rock cut temple; jharoka, more correctly jharokha, is not a Sanskrit but a Hindi word, derived from the Skt jala-gavaksa
Since Shivaji Park is near Chaitya
Bhoomi, where the last rites of Ambedkar were conducted, a sea people start pouring in a day earlier at the park where the civic administration provides all basic facilities like tents, drinking water, medical stalls and mobile toilets.
It is called a chaitya
arch when used on the facade of a chaitya
Vajracharya proposed that present-day Bauddhanath is identical with Shivadevavihara because the Gopalarajavamshavali states that the Licchavi king Shivadeva founded Khasau Chaitya
, the ancient Newari name for Bauddhanath.
Among other Buddhist attractions here are the relic casket, chaitya
halls, platforms, stupas and sculptures.
Bharhut art illustrated the narrative scenes related to the story of previous birth of the Buddha symbolizing Chaitya
, Bodhi tree, disc, etc.
Their initials cut into the left leg of the standing figure at the north end of the principal chaitya
at Kanheri are the oldest instance of graffiti at the caves of western India.
The existing chaitya
has been built from dressed stones with simply piling on its square base.
Starting with an early chaitya
hall (Cave 4), probably dating to the end of the 1st century CE (figure 1), on the basis of carefully explored historical and stylistic connections, it progresses to a small cluster of late 5th-century caves (Caves 1, 3, 4A) near the old hall.
The keywords for the ritual practices are vandana (salutation), paricharaka (walking about), and mahas (celebration), and the general word for a ritual place is chaitya
(shrine), all lying at the root of the Buddhist idea of "sites of memory".
Replete with Buddhist imagery - chaitya
openings, domes reminiscent of stupas, elephant sculptures - the form is derivative of the Indic archetype of the sacred hill ringed by seven seas (figure 8).