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Greece: see KhalkísKhalkís
or Chalcis
, city (1991 pop. 51,646), capital of Évvoia (Euboea) prefecture, E Greece, on the island of Évvoia. Connected to the mainland by a bridge, the city is a trade center for local products, including wine, cotton, and citrus fruits.
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(also Khalkis), an ancient city in Greece, on the island of Euboea. The city’s name is said to derive from the Greek word for copper (chalkos), which was mined nearby. The copper mines combined with Chalcis’ advantageous geographic location and fertile soil to make the city the leading economic center in Euboea.

Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Chalcis took part in the colonization of Thrace, Sicily, and southern Italy. The people of Italy acquired the Greek alphabet from the Chalcidians. At the end of the sixth century B.C., Chalcis fell under Athenian domination. Except for the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404), the city remained under Athenian control until the mid-fourth century B.C. In 338, Chalcis fell under the sway of Macedonia.

In 168 B.C. the Romans took control of the city. In 146 B.C. they punished Chalcis for taking part in an anti-Roman uprising by sacking the city and tearing down its fortifications. Chalcis was later rebuilt and was used by first the Romans and then the Byzantines as a military base for control of the sea lanes along the eastern coast of Greece.


a city in SE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Euripus strait: important since the 7th century bc, founding many colonies in ancient times. Pop.: 47 600 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Byzantine grammarian John Tzetzes wrote that "Under the royal patronage of Ptolemy Philadelphus, Alexander of Aetolia edited the books of tragedy, Lycophron of Chalcis those of comedy, and Zenodotus of Ephesus those of Homer and the other poets" (Tzetzes, 1952, pp.
Operation Chalcis, an air assault operation targeting possible al Qaeda in Iraq hideouts, wasn't performed by the battalion's attached infantry company or the commander's security team; it was conducted by its Signal Company.
His kleptomania is wittily linked to his home town of Chalcis by the punning on Calkido~ and apecalkise (62) and emphasised by the repeated kleptwn (4, 6 bis).
46) Diogenes has him fleeing Athens in disgrace, without having answered his accusers, then committing suicide by taking poison at Chalcis.
The idiom of mathematics appears to be a convenient way to describe and vouchsafe the Platonic conception of soul, as shown in Section 155, "Die Seele ist eine [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]," with selections from Iamblichus of Chalcis and Posidonios of Apamea.
The truce of Chalcis is another historical problem neglected by Kaegi's predecessors.