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Greece: see KhalkísKhalkís
or Chalcis
, city (1991 pop. 51,646), capital of Évvoia (Euboea) prefecture, E Greece, on the island of Évvoia. Connected to the mainland by a bridge, the city is a trade center for local products, including wine, cotton, and citrus fruits.
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(also Khalkis), an ancient city in Greece, on the island of Euboea. The city’s name is said to derive from the Greek word for copper (chalkos), which was mined nearby. The copper mines combined with Chalcis’ advantageous geographic location and fertile soil to make the city the leading economic center in Euboea.

Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Chalcis took part in the colonization of Thrace, Sicily, and southern Italy. The people of Italy acquired the Greek alphabet from the Chalcidians. At the end of the sixth century B.C., Chalcis fell under Athenian domination. Except for the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404), the city remained under Athenian control until the mid-fourth century B.C. In 338, Chalcis fell under the sway of Macedonia.

In 168 B.C. the Romans took control of the city. In 146 B.C. they punished Chalcis for taking part in an anti-Roman uprising by sacking the city and tearing down its fortifications. Chalcis was later rebuilt and was used by first the Romans and then the Byzantines as a military base for control of the sea lanes along the eastern coast of Greece.


a city in SE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Euripus strait: important since the 7th century bc, founding many colonies in ancient times. Pop.: 47 600 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Water-based inks and varnishes are manufactured in Chalkis, and the company also has a branch in Thessalonica.
Companies Mentioned Thai Sun & Richharvest Group of Companies Heinz COFCO TUNHE CHALKIS Hanhao Group Xinjiang Tianye (Group) Co.
The above are a certain number of rooms for each of the 63 Instance of the country, namely: Agrinio Athens Aigion Alexandroupolis, Amaliada, Amfissa, Arta, Veria Volos Giannitsa Grevena Gythio, Drama, Edessa, Haryana, Zakynthos, Ilia (Tower), Heraklion, Jharkhand, Thessaloniki, Thebes, Ioannina, Kavala, Kalavryta, Kalamata Karditsa, Kastoria, Katerini Corfu, Kefalonia, Kilkis, Kozani, Corinth, cypress, Kos, Lamia, Larissa, Lassithi, Lefkada Livadia Messolonghi, Mytilene, Naxos, Nafplion, Xanthi, Orestiada, Patras, Piraeus, Preveza Rethymno, Rodopi, Rhodes, Samos, Serres, Sparta, Syros Trikala, Tripoli, Florina, Chalkis Chalkidiki Chania Chios.
Campbell Soup, Cannamela, Captain's, Carapelli, Carcesa, Cardini's, Carvalho Ribeiro, Caster, Cebasco Spigol, Cebeco, Centazzi, Centrone, Centura Foods, Cepasco, Cerreto, Chalkis Xianjiang, Charbonneaux Brabant, Chartreux, Chiari & Forti, Chion Abe, Chovi, Christ, Cie delle Spezie, Cie des Epices, Cile, Cirio, Clovis, Codima, Coelsanus, Colman's, Comp.
Application of winter maintenance program, period 2012-2013, in the side streets (SR) PATHE Motorway sections: a) the Athens-Thessaloniki from chainage 5 250 to chainage 90 +000, b) Athens-Corinth from chainage 27 500 (SD Eleusis) to chainage 88 +000 (AK Ancient Corinth) and c) the portion of Highway Schimatari Chalkis
Xinjiang Chalkis Tomato Products to Acquire Interest in
Greece, Carcesa, Cecab, Centura Foods, Cerealis, CGC, Chalkis Xianjiang, Charlier- Brabo, Chistu, Chovi, Chymos, Cirio, Cirio de Rica, Colmans, Columbus, Comercial Gallo, Compal, Compre y Compare, Conservas Napal, Conserve Mediter.