Chambord, Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné, comte de

Chambord, Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné, comte de

(äNrē` shärl fĕrdēnäN` märē` dyödônā` kôNt də shäNbôr`), 1820–83, BourbonBourbon
, European royal family, originally of France; a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. One branch of the Bourbons occupies the modern Spanish throne, and other branches ruled the Two Sicilies and Parma.
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 claimant to the French throne, posthumous son of Charles Ferdinand, duc de BerryBerry, Charles Ferdinand, duc de
, 1778–1820, younger son of Charles, comte d'Artois (later Charles X of France). He served in the prince de Condé's army against the French Revolution.
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. His original title was duke of Bordeaux. His grandfather, Charles X, abdicated in his favor during the Revolution of 1830, and he is known to the legitimists as Henry V, although he never held the throne. He accompanied Charles into exile and spent most of the rest of his life at Frohsdorf, Austria. In 1832 his mother, Caroline de BerryBerry, Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de
, 1798–1870, wife of the French prince, Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry; daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies. She went into exile from France after the overthrow of King Charles X, her father-in-law.
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, unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow Louis Philippe. Efforts to reconcile his claims with those of the Orleanist pretender, Louis Philippe Albert d'Orléans (see under OrléansOrléans
, family name of two branches of the French royal line.

The house of Valois-Orléans was founded by Louis, duc d'Orléans (see separate article), whose assassination (1407) caused the civil war between Armagnacs and Burgundians.
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, family), after the February Revolution of 1848, met with little success. In 1871, after the fall of the Second Empire, Chambord's prospects improved, and in 1873 the Orleanist pretender relinquished his claims in Chambord's favor. However, his stubborn adherence to the Bourbon flag in preference to the national flag, destroyed his chance of recognition. He died without issue, and his claims passed to the house of Bourbon-Orléans.

Bibliography

See biography by M. L. Brown, Jr. (1967).

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