Chambre Ardente


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Chambre Ardente

 

(literally “burning chamber”), in the 16th century, an extraordinary tribunal for the trial of heretics, placed under the jurisdiction of the parlements of Paris and the provinces of France.

The chambre ardente was an instrument of the Counter-Reformation. The one created by Henry II in 1547 in the Paris parlement was particularly well known. In the course of three years, it condemned about 600 Calvinists, many of whom were burned at the stake.

References in periodicals archive ?
The conceptualisation of parlement as a sacred temple by contrast drew from humanist and biblical ideas, and emerged with Henri Il's employment of the institution as an instrument of religious reform, creating in 1547 the Chambre ardente to pursue heresy trials.
To quash scandal and protect reputations, Louis established a special commission, La Chambre Ardente [1679-1682], to investigate quietly the poisonings and report directly to him.
Moreover, Monter demonstrates that the role of Henri II's infamous so-called Chambre ardente was relatively brief and insignificant.
Louis approved and the first session of the Chambre Ardente took place on April 10th, 1679.
In the event, the Chambre Ardente proved to be just as indulgent towards aristocratic defendants as the Parlement might have been.
On October 1st, 1680, following the execution of Madame Filastre, Louis decided to suspend sessions of the Chambre Ardente.

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