Lake Champlain

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Champlain, Lake,

490 sq mi (1,269 sq km), 125 mi (201 km) long and from 0.5 to 14 mi (0.8–23 km) wide, forming part of the New York–Vermont border and extending into Quebec. Lake Champlain lies in an elongated plain between the Adirondacks and the Green Mts. A link in the Hudson–Saint Lawrence waterway, the lake is connected with the Hudson (at Fort Edward) by the Champlain division of the New York State Canal SystemNew York State Canal System,
waterway system, 524 mi (843 km) long, traversing New York state and connecting the Great Lakes with the Finger Lakes, the Hudson River, and Lake Champlain.
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; the Richelieu River connects the lake with the St. Lawrence. Lake GeorgeGeorge, Lake,
glacial lake, 33 mi (53 km) long and 1 to 3 mi (1.6–5 km) wide, in the foothills of the Adirondack Mts., NE N.Y.; it drains NE via rapids and waterfalls into Lake Champlain.
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 drains into it through a narrow channel, and many islands dot its surface, including Grand Isle, Isle La Motte, and Valcour Island. The region is noted for its scenery and has many resorts. BurlingtonBurlington.
1 City (1990 pop. 27,208), seat of Des Moines co., SE Iowa, on four hills overlooking the Mississippi (spanned there by rail and highway bridges); inc. 1836. It is a farm, shipping, and manufacturing center with railroad shops and docks.
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, Vt., and PlattsburghPlattsburgh,
city (1990 pop. 21,255), seat of Clinton co., NE N.Y., on Lake Champlain; settled 1767, inc. 1902. It is a trade and distribution point, with plants making transportation equipment, paper, and plastics.
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, N.Y., are the largest cities on the lake's shores. The lake, named for the explorer Samuel de ChamplainChamplain, Samuel de
, 1567–1635, French explorer, the chief founder of New France.

After serving in France under Henry of Navarre (King Henry IV) in the religious wars, Champlain was given command of a Spanish fleet sailing to the West Indies, Mexico, and the
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, was the scene of battles in the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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 and the American RevolutionAmerican Revolution,
1775–83, struggle by which the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic seaboard of North America won independence from Great Britain and became the United States. It is also called the American War of Independence.
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 at Crown Point and Ticonderoga, of a naval engagement in 1776, and of the American victory of Thomas MacdonoughMacdonough, Thomas
, 1783–1825, American naval officer, b. New Castle co., Del. In the Tripolitan War he took part in the burning of the captured Philadelphia and the attack on the Tripolitan gunboats.
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 in the War of 1812.
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