Chan Chan


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Chan Chan

(chän chän), ruins of an ancient city near Trujillo, N Peru. An early example of city planningcity planning,
process of planning for the improvement of urban centers in order to provide healthy and safe living conditions, efficient transport and communication, adequate public facilities, and aesthetic surroundings.
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, with a rectangular grid structure, it was probably begun in the period from A.D. 950 to 1400, and it is estimated that it may have contained as many as 200,000 people. Chan Chan is generally accepted as the capital of the ChimuChimu
, ancient civilization on the desert coast of N Peru. It is believed to have begun c.1200. The Mochica, an earlier civilization, was previously known as early Chimu or proto-Chimu. After the decline of the Mochica (c.
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, a pre-Inca civilization. It is on a large plain of the coastal desert, which was made arable by extensive irrigation works. Covering c.11 sq mi (28 sq km), the city comprised at least 10 self-contained, walled-in units. The walls, built of adobe brick, are decorated with relief designs.

Chan Chan

 

the ruins of the capital of the legendary kingdom of Chimor (the Chimú archaeological culture); located in Peru, near Trujillo, in the Moche River valley. Chan Chan, which dates from the first half of the second millennium B.C., had an area of about 18 sq km. Its center comprised rectangular palace complexes, with high (to 9 m) walls of mud brick; each complex included courtyards, storehouses and other outbuildings, and necropolises. Many walls were covered with textile-like reliefs depicting rows of geometricized birds, animals, and people. The edge of the city was randomly built up with dwellings of the common inhabitants.

REFERENCES

Kinzhalov, R. V. Iskusstvo drevnei Ameriki. Moscow, 1962. Pages 177–79.
Bashilov, V. A. Drevnie tsivilizatsii Peru i Bolivii. Moscow, 1972. Pages 125–27.
Keatinge, R. W., and K. C. Day. “Chan Chan: A Study of Precolumbian Urbanism and the Management of Land and Water Resources in Peru.” Archaeology, 1974, vol. 27, no. 4.

V. A. BASHILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The main square and cathedral of Trujillo City, ruins of Chan Chan (below left) and surfer's town of Mancora (below right)
According to a report in Latin American Herald Tribune, the skeletal remains of the woman, who was in her early 20s, were found during work to restructure the western perimeter wall of the Nain An (House of the birds) palace, which is part of the Chan Chan mud citadel.
Although she was born in La Libertad, not far from the pre-Inca ruins of Chan Chan, Nebiur didn't fully appreciate her country's rich cultural heritage until she was a university student.
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Highlights include five Caribbean islands, bird-spotting in Costa Rica's rainforests, visiting the mud city of Chan Chan in Peru and exploring the Moai statues of Easter Island.
According to the legend, Christ was abducted from the manger shortly after birth by Chan Chan, the first Chinese ambassador to reach the Roman Empire at Judea, leaving one of his own twin sons in the manger.
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His most famous composition was Chan Chan , the opening track on the Buena Vistaalbum.
SPINNING WORLD sired his first stakes winner when his son Chan Chan won the Listed Oppenheim-Rennen at Cologne on Sunday.