Chan Chan


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Chan Chan

(chän chän), ruins of an ancient city near Trujillo, N Peru. An early example of city planningcity planning,
process of planning for the improvement of urban centers in order to provide healthy and safe living conditions, efficient transport and communication, adequate public facilities, and aesthetic surroundings.
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, with a rectangular grid structure, it was probably begun in the period from A.D. 950 to 1400, and it is estimated that it may have contained as many as 200,000 people. Chan Chan is generally accepted as the capital of the ChimuChimu
, ancient civilization on the desert coast of N Peru. It is believed to have begun c.1200. The Moche, an earlier civilization, was previously known as early Chimu or proto-Chimu. After the decline of the Moche (c.
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, a pre-Inca civilization. It is on a large plain of the coastal desert, which was made arable by extensive irrigation works. Covering c.11 sq mi (28 sq km), the city comprised at least 10 self-contained, walled-in units. The walls, built of adobe brick, are decorated with relief designs.

Chan Chan

 

the ruins of the capital of the legendary kingdom of Chimor (the Chimú archaeological culture); located in Peru, near Trujillo, in the Moche River valley. Chan Chan, which dates from the first half of the second millennium B.C., had an area of about 18 sq km. Its center comprised rectangular palace complexes, with high (to 9 m) walls of mud brick; each complex included courtyards, storehouses and other outbuildings, and necropolises. Many walls were covered with textile-like reliefs depicting rows of geometricized birds, animals, and people. The edge of the city was randomly built up with dwellings of the common inhabitants.

REFERENCES

Kinzhalov, R. V. Iskusstvo drevnei Ameriki. Moscow, 1962. Pages 177–79.
Bashilov, V. A. Drevnie tsivilizatsii Peru i Bolivii. Moscow, 1972. Pages 125–27.
Keatinge, R. W., and K. C. Day. “Chan Chan: A Study of Precolumbian Urbanism and the Management of Land and Water Resources in Peru.” Archaeology, 1974, vol. 27, no. 4.

V. A. BASHILOV

References in periodicals archive ?
While the epic album's opening tune, Chan Chan, was a composition of 89-year-old Compay Segundo, who was a bandleader in the '50s, the cover of the early-'50s tune De Camino a la Verada was sung by the 72-year-old composer Ibrahim Ferrer.
Por ello hay quienes dudan que Chan Chan sea mi verdadero nombre.
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When I paint," she writes in a statement of her artistic vision, "I can almost feel the mud friezes of the citadel of Chan Chan, the threads of filigree of the Wari textiles, the stunning pectorals of the Lord of Sipan, the Nazea lines carved in the desert, the colors of the sacred vases of the Incas, the huge and perfectly cut stones of Machu Picchu.
Chan Chan by Buena Vista Social Club "This song is somusically rich that I was drawn to it the very first time I heard it," says drummer Kev McNally.
Thanks to a gutsy live band, the music is a real plus of this show with well-known tracks such as Guantanamera, Ay Candela and Chan Chan as well as mambo and salsa rhythms.
If they were celebrating this anniversary with a double disc containing just those familiar songs - Buena Vista Social Club's Chan Chan, Ali Farka Toure and Ry Cooder's Soukara, Radio Tari-fa's Rumba Argelina, Orchestra Baobab's El Son te Llama - that might make it an inessential addition to the well-stocked CD library.
However, Chan Chan made it around the world as the most recognized song from Buena Vista Social Club and has inspired over 50 versions, most of which I own, including a Japanese language take.
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