Chandigarh

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Chandigarh

(chŭn`dēgər), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 900,914), 44 sq mi (114 sq km) and city, NW India. The city is the capital of both Haryana and Punjab states. It was designed by Le CorbusierLe Corbusier
, pseud. of Charles Édouard Jeanneret
, 1887–1965, French architect, b. La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. Often known simply as "Corbu," he was one of the most influential architects of the 20th cent.
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 and built largely in the 1950s, on a site chosen for its climate and water supply, to replace LahoreLahore
, city (1998 pop. 5,063,499), capital of Punjab prov., E central Pakistan, on the Ravi River. It is the second largest city of Pakistan. A railway and air transport center near the Indo-Pakistani border, Lahore is a banking and commercial city that markets the products of
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, which was given to Pakistan when India was partitioned in 1947. Punjab Univ. is in Chandigarh. The territory is administered by the central government of India. When the PunjabPunjab
[Pers.,=five rivers], historic region in the NW of the Indian subcontinent. Since 1947 it has been separated into an Indian state and a Pakistani province bearing the same name. The Indus River bounds the region in part of the west and the Yamuna River in part of the east.
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 was divided into the states of Punjab and Haryana, Chandigarh was retained as the capital of both states. It was to be transferred to Punjab in 1986, but violence due to Sikh separatism forced a postponement of the shift.

Chandigarh

 

a union territory of India, that is, an administrative and political unit in India controlled by the central government. Located in the northwestern part of the country, in the foothills of the Himalayas, Chandigarh has an area of 114 sq km. The population was 300,000 in 1975. The city of Chandigarh is the capital of the union territory.


Chandigarh

 

a city in northwestern India, at the foot of the Himalayas. Capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana (although not a part of either one) and of the Union territory of Chandigarh. Population, 257,000 (1971). Chandigarh manufactures woolens, knitwear, and pharmaceuticals. The city has a university.

The greater part of Chandigarh was built between 1951 and 1956 in accordance with a plan by a team of Indian and foreign architects headed by Le Corbusier. It combines a geometric system of transportation lines with picturesque landscaped pedestrian paths. It features principles of modern architecture and urban planning, including the use of dwelling units fully serviced with public utilities and transportation arteries differentiated according to purpose. Structures in the city also incorporate traditional Indian architectural devices, including the jali, or openwork lattice.

Chandigarh

a city and Union Territory of N India, joint capital of the Punjab and Haryana: modern city planned in the 1950s by Le Corbusier. Pop.: Pop.: 808 796 (2001), of city; 900 414 (2001), of union territory. Area (of union territory): 114 sq. km (44 sq. miles).