Chandragupta


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Chandragupta

(Chandragupta Maurya) (chändrəgo͝op`tə), fl. c.321 B.C.–c.298 B.C., Indian emperor, founder of the MauryaMaurya
, ancient Indian dynasty, c.325–c.183 B.C., founded by Chandragupta (Chandragupta Maurya). He conquered the Magadha kingdom and established his capital at Pataliputra (now Patna). His son, Bindusara (d. c.
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 dynasty and grandfather of AśokaAśoka
or Ashoka,
d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the Maurya dynasty; grandson of Chandragupta. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the
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. He conquered the Magadha kingdom (in modern Bihar and Jharkhand) and eventually controlled all India N of the Vindhya Hills. In c.305, Chandragupta, with a huge army, defeated Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
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 (Nicator) who had invaded NW India in an attempt to regain Alexander the Great's Indian provinces. Seleucus had to yield parts of Afghanistan to Chandragupta, and some sort of marriage alliance followed. From Megasthenes, a Seleucid envoy at the court of Chandragupta, comes much of the information about the period. The emperor dwelt in an enormous, ornate palace at Pataliputra (Patna) and administered a highly bureaucratic government. He was advised by Kautilya (also called Chanakya), a very able but unscrupulous Brahman, to whom is attributed the Arthasastra, a guide to statecraft. Chandragupta established a vast secret service system and, fearing assassination, rarely left his palace. Jain tradition says that he abdicated his throne, became a Jain monk, and fasted to death.

Chandragupta

 

the name of two ancient Indian rulers belonging to the Gupta dynasty.

Chandragupta I. Ruled from 320 to about 340, according to some sources.

Descended from a family of minor rulers of Magadha, Chandragupta I strengthened his position and became ruler of all Magadha by military conquest and the conduct of a successful foreign policy; particularly important was his marriage to Princess Kumara Devi of the Lichchhavi tribe. Chandragupta founded the Gupta empire; the Gupta Era, which began with his accession, was widely used as a chronological frame of reference in ancient and medieval India.

Chandragupta II. Grandson of Chandragupta I. Ruled from 380 to 415, according to some sources.

Chandragupta II ascended the throne after deposing his older brother Ramagupta. He thus inherited a fully developed empire, which he subsequently greatly enlarged. His most important territorial gain was the conquest of the “state of the western rulers” (Gujarat), which gave the empire access to the Arabian Sea. Chandragupta’s reign marked the height of Gupta power and was a period of economic well-being for ancient India. Moreover, his rule, which has come to be known as the Golden Age of the Guptas, was a time during which ancient Indian culture flourished.

Chandragupta

Greek name Sandracottos. died ?297 bc, ruler of N India, who founded the Maurya dynasty (325) and defeated Seleucus (?305)
References in periodicals archive ?
But we have continued the police presence," Chandragupta said.
We have formed two police teams to hunt down the culprits who vandalised the 15-feet entrance tower assuming that priceless treasure was hidden in its foundations," Chandragupta, who uses one name, told AFP.
Indian physicians, mathematicians, and philosophers at the court of Chandragupta II were the world's most sophisticated scientists a thousand years before Columbus set sail toward the Americas, while savage Britons still painted their naked bodies blue.
The second important personality of Taxila was Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra who helped Chandragupta to establish the Mauryan Empire.
Chandragupta, Ranjit, Shivaji, Pratap and Shivaji section cadets won their respective matches under different categories.
In the 4th century BC, Arthshastra (450 BCE) was written by Kautilya (A brahmin minister called Chanakya, also known as Kautilya), who was the prime minister of Chandragupta Maurya.
Takzhashila was a seat of Vedic learning, best known because of the association of the strategist "Chanakya" who later helped to consolidate the Emperor Chandragupta Maurya of ancient India.
The emperor, Chandragupta Maurya, was not only an extremely able general but the founder of the Maurya dynasty.
As for Krishna, Megasthenes, a Greek ambassador to the court of the Indian king Chandragupta Maurya in the late fourth century BC, wrote in his Indika: 'Herakles was worshiped by the inhabitants of the plains--especially the Sourasenoi, an Indian tribe possessed of two large cities, Methora and Kleisobara and who had a navigable river, the Jobares, flowing through its territories.
Chanakya Kautilya, counselor to King Chandragupta Maurya and one of the earliest writers elucidating "realism" in foreign policy, advised rulers "to wear a mask, say, of religious righteousness, or to create other traps, illusions, or appearances of things.
This paper comprises a partial critique of the social contract--the revenue base and main categories of expenditure in particular--(i) as articulated by the Indian Brahmin Kautilya in his Arthasastrs for an idealized king and state, and (ii) which can be posited as subsisting between the expansionary Kautilya-Mauryan state (K-M state) and its polyglot peoples from about 324 BC on the dynastic ascendancy of Chandragupta Maurya to the Magadhan empire of northern India, with Kautilya's assistance.
There is no longer any date for Chandragupta II's campaign against the Shakas (p.