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(chäng`cho͝on`), city (1994 est. pop. 1,810,400), capital of Jilin prov., China, on the railroad between Harbin and Dalian. An industrial city, it is one of the country's major center of transportation equipment production, including motor vehicle parts. Railroad cars, buses, tires, pharmaceuticals, and textiles are also manufactured. An aluminum plant is west of the city. Changchun is also a center for motion picture production. As Hsinking or Xinjing [Chin.,=new capital], it was the capital of the former state of ManchukuoManchukuo
, former country, comprising the three provinces of NE China, traditionally called Manchuria. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and founded Manchukuo in 1932. Changchun, the capital, was renamed Xinjing [Chinese,=new capital].
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 (1932–45). During this period the city was rebuilt along modern lines. Many of the large administrative buildings have been converted into universities; these include Jilin Univ., a polytechnical university, a medical college, and several technical institutes.



a city in Northeast China, on the It’ung Ho. Capital of Kirin Province. Population, more than 1.5 million (1970).

Ch’angch’un is an important railroad junction and has an airport. The city’s machine-building industry, one of the largest in China, was developed between 1953 and 1957 with the help of the USSR. Ch’angch’un produces motor vehicles, rolling stock, tractors, agricultural machinery, machine tools, electric machines and equipment for the textile industry, checking and measuring devices, semiconductor devices, and motion-picture equipment. The city has a metallurgical plant. The chemical industry is represented by a pharmaceuticals plant and by plants producing mineral fertilizers, rubber, industrial rubber goods, synthetic fiber, and plastics. There are also plants of the wood-products, paper, ceramic, textile, leather, food-processing, and tobacco industries. Cottage industries produce such articles as rugs. Ch’angch’un has a branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a university.

Ch’angch’un arose in the early 19th century and after the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway between 1897 and 1903 developed into a large commercial and transportation center. In 1931 the city was occupied by Japanese imperialists, who declared it the capital of the puppet state of Manchukuo and renamed it Hsinching, or New Capital. It was liberated by the Soviet Army in August 1945 but after the withdrawal of Soviet troops was seized by the Kuomintang in 1946. In October 1948 the Kuomintang was driven out of Ch’angch’un by the People’s Liberation Army of China.


, Ch'ang Ch'un
a city in NE China, capital of Jilin province: as Hsinking, capital of the Japanese state of Manchukuo (1932--45). Pop.: 3 092 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Chang Chun Petrochemical's Miaoli Plant is located approximately 100 kilometers southwest of Taipei.
Chang Chun TOK currently produces semiconductor and LCD thinner and photoresist developer.
Union Carbide announced an agreement with Chang Chun Petrochemicals of Taiwan to increase butyl acetate production at Chang Chun's Miau-Li plant to 25,000 metric tons, beginning in January 1996.
The vessels were identified as Chang Chun, Jing Zhou and Chao Hu.
Three Chinese vessels Chang Chun, Jing Zhou and Chao Hu which were originally on a goodwill mission to Sri Lanka and visited Colombo port on today, have changed their mission focus to relief measures.
and Chang Chun Group, used to enhance output value.
has signed an exclusive global distribution agreement for PEEK resins made by Chang Chun JiDa High Performance Materials Co.
KARACHI -- PLA (Navy) Task Group comprising 3 Naval Ships CHANG CHUN, JING ZHOU and CHAO HU arrived here Saturday on a good-will cum training visit.
Duterte will tour the three Chinese vessels-the Chang Chun, a guided-missile destroyer; Jin Zhou, a guided-missile frigate, and Chao Hu, a replenishment ship-on Monday.
Purchasers: Chang chun shi shi pin yao pin jian yan zhong xin
Chinese vessels - Chang Chun, a guided-missile destroyer; Jin Zhou, a guided-missile frigate; and Chao Hu, a replenishment ship - docked on Sunday at Sasa Wharf.
Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic stated on March 12, during a meeting with a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China, Chang Chun Shien, that Chinese investments had given new momentum to Serbia's heavy industry, and that he advocated the establishment of even stronger economic cooperation between Serbia and China, the president's office has stated.