Changchun


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Changchun

(chäng`cho͝on`), city (1994 est. pop. 1,810,400), capital of Jilin prov., China, on the railroad between Harbin and Dalian. An industrial city, it is one of the country's major center of transportation equipment production, including motor vehicle parts. Railroad cars, buses, tires, pharmaceuticals, and textiles are also manufactured. An aluminum plant is west of the city. Changchun is also a center for motion picture production. As Hsinking or Xinjing [Chin.,=new capital], it was the capital of the former state of ManchukuoManchukuo
, former country, comprising the three provinces of NE China, traditionally called Manchuria. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and founded Manchukuo in 1932. Changchun, the capital, was renamed Xinjing [Chinese,=new capital].
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1932–45). During this period the city was rebuilt along modern lines. Many of the large administrative buildings have been converted into universities; these include Jilin Univ., a polytechnical university, a medical college, and several technical institutes.

Ch’angch’un

 

a city in Northeast China, on the It’ung Ho. Capital of Kirin Province. Population, more than 1.5 million (1970).

Ch’angch’un is an important railroad junction and has an airport. The city’s machine-building industry, one of the largest in China, was developed between 1953 and 1957 with the help of the USSR. Ch’angch’un produces motor vehicles, rolling stock, tractors, agricultural machinery, machine tools, electric machines and equipment for the textile industry, checking and measuring devices, semiconductor devices, and motion-picture equipment. The city has a metallurgical plant. The chemical industry is represented by a pharmaceuticals plant and by plants producing mineral fertilizers, rubber, industrial rubber goods, synthetic fiber, and plastics. There are also plants of the wood-products, paper, ceramic, textile, leather, food-processing, and tobacco industries. Cottage industries produce such articles as rugs. Ch’angch’un has a branch of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a university.

Ch’angch’un arose in the early 19th century and after the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway between 1897 and 1903 developed into a large commercial and transportation center. In 1931 the city was occupied by Japanese imperialists, who declared it the capital of the puppet state of Manchukuo and renamed it Hsinching, or New Capital. It was liberated by the Soviet Army in August 1945 but after the withdrawal of Soviet troops was seized by the Kuomintang in 1946. In October 1948 the Kuomintang was driven out of Ch’angch’un by the People’s Liberation Army of China.

Changchun

, Ch'ang Ch'un
a city in NE China, capital of Jilin province: as Hsinking, capital of the Japanese state of Manchukuo (1932--45). Pop.: 3 092 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Changchun (Jilin) [China], July 15 ( ANI ): Eight people were killed due to rainstorms in northeast China's Jilin Province.
In preparation for constructing the base, Changchun is planning talks with several Russian cities in July over issues such as customs clearance and cargo flights.
Serzh Sargsyan and Tian Changchun stressed that the high-level Armenian-Chinese relations are a strong basis for further
The Changchun engine plant is the first of seven plants that VW has planned for China over the next few years.
John Holmes, international sales manager of Ultraseal International, said: "We were delighted to welcome the Changchun delegation as the city is one of the most important centres for the automotive industry in China.
A candlelight vigil was held for baby Haobo in Changchun, attended by thousands of mourners.
Toyota began producing Corolla models at a new plant in Changchun in May.
Changchun, Shawwal 9, 1432, Sep 7, 2011, SPA -- Four people died and eight others were injured Wednesday after a man set fire to an apartment he rented in the northeastern city of Changchun, local police said.
Packaging company Crown Holdings Inc (NYSE:CCK) said on Thursday that it plans to construct two new beverage can plants in Zhengzhou (Central China) and Changchun (Northeastern China) as part of its expansion plans.
Therefore, we conducted a serial phylogenetic analysis of existing and new CA16 sequences from northern, central, and southern China to examine whether CA16-G10 truly is Author affiliations: First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, People's Republic of China (K.