Chan

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Chan

 

(also Laz), the unwritten language of the Laz (Chan). Chan is a Kartvelian language; with Megrelian, it is often regarded as a dialect of San, or Mingrelo-Chan. Three dialects of Chan are spoken on the Black Sea coast of Turkey: Khopa, Vitse-Arkhaba, and Atina.

Chan has a simple vowel system (a, e, i, o, and u) and 32 consonants. Nominal stems are stable, and there are seven cases: nominative, ergative, dative, genitive, ablative, instrumental, and allative. Categories of the verb include person, number, tense, version, voice, potential, causative, and aspect; the category of mood includes 14 modal and tense forms. Directional preverbs are common. The vocabulary of Chan abounds in Turkisms and contains Georgian and Greek loanwords.

REFERENCES

Marr, N. Ia. Grammatika chanskogo (lazskogo) iazyka c khrestomatiei i slovarem. (Materialy po iafeticheskomu iazykoznaniu, 2.) St. Petersburg, 1910.
Kiziria, A. I. “Zanskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow, 1967.
Ch’ik’obava, Arn. Chanuris gramatikuli analizi tek’stebil’urt’. Tiflis, 1936.

M. E. ALEKSEEV

References in classic literature ?
Shorn by the frost with crystal blade, The dry leaves, scattered, fall at last; Among the valleys of Wu Chan Cold winds of death go wailing past.
His companion, Chan Chi, had been a hatchet-man of note, in the old fighting days of the San Franciseo tongs.
Paul, Gow Yum, and Chan Chi were to be paid was beyond him.
com/2012/10/jackie-chans-riches-wont-go-to-son/) InvestorPlace has reported Chan has earned roughly $130 million from his films, largely due to their success at the American box office.
Action film superstar Jackie Chan may have made millions of dollars at the U.
Chan appeared on Hong Kong-based Phoenix Television last month to discuss his new movie.
The Chans and the Kongs have lived and continue to travel the world and for the reader to understand the global nature of the families, maps, too, would have been helpful, particularly ones locating Sibu, Pulau Keladi, and Durin, plus the villages in China from which the two families originated (and returned).
This account follows the Chan and Kong families as they migrate to Sarawak from China, their trials and triumphs, journeys and homecomings and, finally, their worldwide Diaspora, with their father, John Chan, always the central point of reference.
For example John Chan is always referred to as "Father.
IT is borrowers such as the Chans who have forced banks to improve their rates and be more flexible towards customers.
Unlike The Halifax, Scottish Widows were prepared to lend the Chans 100 per cent of the value of the home - which gave them pounds 10,000 to spend.
Management believes Ken Chans proven business track record in working with investors and business development throughout the Pacific Rim will be a great asset to Sungold's Management team.