Chao Phraya


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Chao Phraya

(chou präyä`),

Mae Nam Chao Phraya,

or

Menam Chao Phraya

(both: mănäm`), chief river of Thailand, c.140 mi (230 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Ping (c.300 mi/480 km long) and the Nan (c.500 mi/800 km) rivers at Nakhon Sawan, W central Thailand. It flows S past Bangkok to the Gulf of Thailand and is navigable for its entire length. With its tributaries, the Chao Phraya drains most of W Thailand; its valley is the country's main rice-producing region. The many distributaries of the Chao Phraya delta are interconnected by canals that serve both for irrigation and for transportation.

Chao Phraya

 

(or Menam), a river on the peninsula of Indochina; the largest river in Thailand. It has a length of approximately 1,200 km. (From the headwaters of the main tributary, the Ping, the length is about 1,500 km.) Basin area, approximately 150,000 sq km.

The Chao Phraya rises on the slopes of the Khun Tan Range and in the Phi Pan Nam Mountains. It flows from north to south, primarily within the Chao Phraya Lowland, and empties into the Gulf of Thailand of the South China Sea, forming a delta that advances 30–60 cm into the sea each year because of the large amount of sediments. The river is fed by rain and has a monsoonal regime. The high water period is from May through November, with a large part of the delta being flooded in October and November; the lowest water level occurs in April. The mean flow rate in the lower course is approximately 2,700 cu m per sec. The water of the Chao Phraya and its tributaries is extensively used for irrigation, mainly of rice paddies. Logs are floated on the river, and there is fishing, with carp being the main fish. The Chao Phraya is navigable for 400 km (to the mouth of the Ping River); in high water it is navigable for 750 km (to the city of Uttaradit). The cities of Bangkok and Ayutthaya are in the delta.

References in periodicals archive ?
8 Bangkok Go designer shopping, sample the amazing food, dine overlooking the Chao Phraya River and see Buddhist temples.
The luxury hotel operator is partnering with real estate developer Country Group Development on the new Four Seasons Hotel Bangkok at Chao Phraya River and Four Seasons Private Residences Bangkok at Chao Phraya River.
It only a short step from the palace to the river Chao Phraya but Jeed insists we take the air-conditioned car.
The monsoon-season floods in Thailand started in late July, most severely around the Chao Phraya river, which runs through Bangkok, and have affected millions of people and caused billions of pounds of damage.
com), one of Bangkok's most elegant hotels towering above the city skyline on the banks of the Chao Phraya River.
Moreover, some of the major river basins-including the Chao Phraya in Thailand and the Red in Vietnam-are considered "closed" because all of the water flow has been claimed.
This is the first tunnel project in Bangkok to pass through the historic area of Rattanakosin Island and beneath the famous Chao Phraya River, with shallow ground cover above the tunnels passing under the river bed.
This is in part due to the fact that one of Thailand's major rivers, the Chao Phraya River, flows through the city, and the city sprawls over the plains and river deltas that lead into the Bay of Bangkok.
Pramoth Supyen, Tourism Authority of Thailand, director for Middle East, said: 'The recent flooding in Bangkok was a natural tragedy that affected outer suburbs and the areas adjacent to the Chao Phraya River in the greater Bangkok Metropolitan Area.
Which Asian country contains the Chao Phraya River?
Central Bangkok has largely been spared from major inundation after barriers along Bangkok s swollen Chao Phraya River prevented a major overflow during a spring high tide over the weekend.
Higher-than-normal tides pushing up the Chao Phraya River, from the Gulf of Thailand in recent days, have complicated efforts to drain the floodwater which has been surging through the city as it makes its way from provinces that have been suffering for up to two months.