Chapultepec

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Chapultepec

(chäpo͞ol'tāpĕk`) [Aztec,=grasshopper hill], 1,600 acres (650 hectares), park in Mexico City. It was originally developed as a residence for Aztec rulers. A castle built on a hill there in the late 18th cent. as a summer home for the Spanish viceroys later became the traditional home of the rulers of Mexico. Chapultepec, heavily fortified, was the scene of spectacular fighting during the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
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; U.S. Gen. Winfield ScottScott, Winfield,
1786–1866, American general, b. near Petersburg, Va. Military Career

He briefly attended the College of William and Mary, studied law at Petersburg, and joined the military.
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 ordered the storming of Chapultepec on Sept. 12, 1847, and it fell the next day. Nevertheless, its heroic defenders, particularly the "boy heroes" from the adjoining military college who preferred death to surrender, became for Mexicans a symbol of glory. Both Emperor Maximilian and, later, Porfirio Díaz, beautified the grounds and embellished the castle. In 1937, Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas declared the castle a museum of colonial history and ethnography. Today the park includes several museums, including the world-famous National Anthropological Museum, a boating lake, two amusement parks, and a zoo. The Inter-American Conference on the Problems of War and Peace, which met in 1945, is commonly called the Chapultepec Conference (see Pan-AmericanismPan-Americanism,
movement toward commercial, social, economic, military, and political cooperation among the nations of North, Central, and South America. In the Nineteenth Century
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).
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Top: "Poetry Cabaret at Noon with the Infrarealists," a reading series held at Casa del Lago, Chapultepec Park, Mexico City, 1979.
Containing nine museums, a zoo, an amusement park, and a variety of green recreational spaces located near popular commercial districts, Chapultepec Park is an invaluable ecological oasis, and a cultural, social, and civic space.
Genteel scenes of 1910 Mexico Citychildren in Victorian dress feeding swans in Chapultepec Park, top-hatted carriage drivers crossing the tree-shaded Zocalo-contrast with grim revolutionary tableaus of, amongother things, rebel and government soldiers leaving loved ones, by foot or horseback or train.
Guided sightseeing of Mexico City, including the Metropolitan Cathedral, the National Theater, Chapultepec Park and Castle and the National Museum of Anthropology
The city's central Chapultepec Park is the last remaining large tract of living greenery.
It's also a great location, on a quiet side street in the Polanco district, walking distance from Chapultepec Park and Avenida Reforma.
The hotel offers nine Loft suites, with high ceilings, expansive views of Chapultepec Park and amenities like green glass showers and flat-screen TVs mounted on the ceiling above the beds.
Museo Tamayo Arte Contemporaneo, Reforma and Gandhi in Chapultepec Park.
Although huge, Mexico City is not as intimidating as you might think You can easily spend a day exploring lively Chapultepec Park, whose 2,000 square acres are home to 11 museums and three lakes, as well as itinerant vendors hawking everything from colorful helium balloons to cheap sunglasses.
There is the new Torre Mayor, Latin America's tallest building, to go along with sparkling new sidewalks and flowerbeds around Chapultepec Park to make the city prettier, especially for tourists.
It offers a stunning view over the Chapultepec Park from the exercise room and toward the exclusive Santa Fe area from the jacuzzi.
The first of these took place at the chamber's International Forum, while the second, a week later on September 11, was at Chapultepec Park to unveil a refurbished statue of former U.