Charadriiformes


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Related to Charadriiformes: Anseriformes, Scolopaci, Shorebirds

Charadriiformes

[kə‚rad·rē·ə′fȯr‚mēz]
(vertebrate zoology)
An order of cosmopolitan birds, most of which live near water.

Charadriiformes

 

an order of birds comprising 11 families, including Jacanidae, Rostratulidae, Thinocoridae, Chara-driidae, Glareolidae, Stercorariidae, Laridae, and Alcidae. Of the more than 300 species, 135 are found in the USSR. The birds are distributed from the arctic to the shores of Antarctica, at elevations ranging from sea level to high-mountain zones. Species inhabiting regions with severe winters are migratory. Charadriiformes live along seashores, riverbanks, lakeshores, and the edges of swamps. Some live in dry steppes and deserts and fly to watering places. Few live in forests.

The nests are open and constructed on the ground or on cliffs; less commonly, the nests are in burrows or under rocks. A clutch contains one to four eggs. The young are precocial or nearly precocial. The birds feed on terrestrial or aquatic invertebrates; some are good divers and eat fish. The Stercorariidae and some large Laridae destroy nests and eat carrion and garbage.

A number of ornithologists divide the order Charadriiformes into three separate orders: Limicolae, Lari, and Alcae.

REFERENCE

Iudin, K. A. Filogeniia i klassifikatsiia rzhankoobraznykh. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965. (Fauna SSSR: Ptitsy, vol. 2, issue 1, part 1.)

A. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
A descriptive and phylogenetic analysis of plumulaceous feather characters in Charadriiformes.
According to Gaud and Atyeo (1979), mites of the subfamily Alloptinae are associated with a large number of sandpipers and other waterfowl such as Gaviiformes, Procellariiformes, Pelecaniformes, Ciconiiformes, Anseriformes, Gruiformes and Charadriiformes.
At least 50% of the managed sites will have been used at least once during the project by colonial Charadriiformes for nesting;
For many other species (34%), including the Galliformes, Accipitriformes, Falconiformes, and several of the Charadriiformes and Passeriformes, the habitat consists of open tundra interspersed with woody vegetation.
The placement of species into genera and families based on anatomical (including bone, muscle, and feather features) and molecular characters are well documented in the avian order Charadriiformes (shorebirds).
The true northern penguin, the great auk (family Alcidae), was also flightless, a member of the Charadriiformes related to gulls, auks, and lapwings.
In a broader sense, RAPD markers are being used to track movements of shorebird (Order: Charadriiformes, Family: Charadriidae) populations throughout the annual cycle (Haig et al.
Ciconiiformes, Passeriformes and Charadriiformes, showed high bird diversity (H > 1).
Little is known, however, regarding Na tolerance in American oystercatchers or, in fact, detailed mineral nutrition of any of the Charadriiformes.
Wild waterbirds of the orders Anseriformes (ducks, geese, swans) and Charadriiformes (gulls, terns, shore birds) are the ultimate source of influenza A viruses for domestic birds and mammals, including humans (1).