Charcot


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Charcot

Jean Martin . 1825--93, French neurologist, noted for his attempt using hypnotism to find an organic cause for hysteria, which influenced Freud

Charcot

 

a peninsula in the northwestern part of Alexander I Land (69°45’ S lat., 75°15’ W long.), in Western Antarctica. Washed by the Bellingshausen Sea, the Charcot Peninsula is connected to the continental land mass by the Wilkins Ice Shelf. The peninsula, which has an area of approximately 2,700 sq km, is almost completely covered by a glacier, whose surface lies 270 m above sea level. In the northwestern part of the peninsula the surface of the glacier is broken by mountain peaks rising to an elevation of 609 m at Mount Monique. The peninsula was discovered in 1910 by the French antarctic expedition of J.-B. Charcot and was named in honor of the explorer’s father.

References in periodicals archive ?
To our knowledge, there is only one case report of a successful use of teriparatide in ankle Charcot arthropathy [9]; we think there is a need for further studies to confirm this indication.
Invention of Hysteria: Charcot and the Photographic Iconography of the Salpetriere.
Like Charcot himself, Hustvedt takes the suffering of Blanche, Augustine, and Genevieve seriously.
Who knew that the Nazis melted a statue of Charcot for scrap metal, that 1889 Paris could boast of over 500 cabinets somnambulists (sic) for the treatment of illnesses resistant to traditional medicine, that centers for abandoned babies and orphans established during the July Monarchy had to reduce the size of the cubbyholes used for drop-offs to discourage the deposit of older children.
Charcot believed that hysteria could also occur in men--although Hustvedt does not discuss Charcot's male cases in any depth, giving the impression that he focused exclusively on female sufferers.
At the end of 1891, when Charcot's former student, Bouchard was nominated to be President of the jury for the following year, Charcot must immediately have realized the political danger for his protege Babinski.
Charcot joint, also known as neurogenic arthropathy, has been linked to tabes dorsalis, but is more commonly seen in diabetic neuropathy, syringomyelia, spinal cord injury, pernicious anemia, peripheral nerve injury, and from prolonged hydrocortisone injections into the joint.
By identifying the sign, Babinski separated himself from Charcot in the sense of creating a new tradition in neurology where the findings in a neurological exam were of far more importance than just a plain history as his mentor had relied upon.
Particular attention is given to Jean-Martin Charcot.
Esta enfermedad fue descrita por primera vez y recibio su nombre medico del neurologo frances Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893).
Profil de l'echantillon : Une personne agee de plus de 18 ans chez qui on avait precedemment diagnostique la maladie de Charcot Marie-Tooth et qui souffrait maintenant de motricite du cou et de douleurs aux bras.
Co-morbidities due to early type 2 diabetes such as heart disease, early kidney disease, stoke, hypertension, skeletal deformities genu valgum, stress fractures, Charcot arthropathy, increase incidence of cancer, staetohepatitis (fatty liver), and others will result in a society of young disabled individuals.