Jean Martin Charcot

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Related to Charcot arthropathy: neuropathic joint, neurogenic arthropathy, Charcot joint disease

Charcot, Jean Martin

(zhäN märtăN` shärkō`), 1825–93, French neurologist. At the Salpêtrière in Paris he developed the greatest clinic of his time for diseases of the nervous system. He made many important observations on these diseases, described the characteristics of tabes dorsalis, differentiated multiple sclerosis and paralysis agitans, recognized that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was a disease of the motor neurons, and wrote on many neurological subjects. He experimented with hypnosis of his "hysterical" female patients in lectures that often resembled entertainments rather than medical treatments. Nonetheless, Charcot's insight into the nature of hysteria was credited by Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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, his pupil, with having contributed to the early psychoanalytic formulations on the subject.


See biography by G. Guillain (1959); study by A. R. Owen (1971); A. Hustvedt, Medical Muses: Hysteria in Nineteenth-Century Paris (2011).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Radiological findings with Charcot arthropathy can be either hypertrophic (productive) or atrophic (destructive).
Charcot arthropathy has been divided into three phases by Eichenholtz.
It is very important to be able to observe the effusion and cartilage fragmentation that forms in the joints in the early periods of Charcot arthropathy.
The radiological aspects are similar with Charcot arthropathy and syringomyelia, and the joint pain associated with these diseases does not differ.
Syringomyelia, which was accompanied by Chiari type I malformation and Charcot arthropathy in our patient, is an insidious disease that progresses very slowly, but it is generally painless.
Kwon and Morrey(17), stated that surgery for Charcot arthropathy might be useful for some patients but added that it is not the first option and that functional devices and physical therapy must be tried first.