EIS study was conducted to evaluate the charge-transfer
resistance of PANI modified anode in phosphate buffer (pH.
Georg, "Diffusion in the electrolyte and charge-transfer
reaction at the platinum electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells," Electrochimica Acta, vol.
Adiabatic approximation partially or completely fails to describe a large class of physical phenomena, such as multiple excitations, charge-transfer
and dissipation processes.
Wide and lower-intensive red shifted charge-transfer
peak that is well separated from a main [pi],[[pi].
Among the topics are liquid gradient refractive index lenses, photorefractive polymers for three-dimensional display applications, optimal gene detection using conjugated polymers, polymer ion sensors based on intramolecular charge-transfer
interactions, detecting explosives and metal ions using fluorescent polymers and their nanostructures, holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals: from materials and morphologies to applications, and polymer nanostructures through packing spheres.
However, the conventional techniques such as the electropolymerization or chemical polymerization uniformly make architectures with intertwisted molecular conformation can no longer form an interconnected network inside the nanodevices, which is highly desirable to reduce the electronic resistance to improve the conduction, electrochemical stability and also to achieve rapid charge-transfer
kinetics , By addressing these issues, fabrication of well-defined mono-/multi-layers of PPy on electrode is of high importance [16, 17], The electrical performances, in particular, the extraordinary charge transfer by a tunneling mode is important for designing versatile electrical devices.
The double-layer capacitance is in parallel with the charge-transfer
resistance (Inset, Figure 6).
When the electron-accepting NDI chromophore is covalently or non-covalently bonded to an electron-donating group such as DAN the resulting complex tends to facilitate charge-transfer
(C-T) induced donor-acceptor (D-A) stacking.
The crystal packing of two charge-transfer
complexes based on tetra-thiafulvalene and substituted fluorenes-2,4,5,7- tetranitro-9-dicyanomethylenefluorene or 2,7-dicyano-4,5- dinitro-9-dicyanomethylenefluorene were analyzed .
According to this point of view, the total charge-transfer
QT from donor (D) to acceptor (A) should determine the energy of the donor-acceptor bond and, as a result, the complexation energy.
2002) Control of charge-transfer
induced spin transition temperature on cobalt-iron Prussian blue analogues.
Current-potential data, Tafel slope b, diffusion coefficient, D and the charge-transfer
rate constant, [k.