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earliest and simplest type of carriage and the chief vehicle of many ancient peoples. The chariot was known among the Babylonians before the introduction of horses c.2000 B.C. and was first drawn by asses. The chariot and horse introduced into Egypt c.1700 B.C. by the Hyksos invaders undoubtedly contributed to their military success. Simultaneously the use of the chariot spread over the Middle East, chiefly as a war machine. The Assyrians are credited with introducing chariots with scythes mounted on the wheels as weapons, a type later adopted by the Persians. In Greece and Rome the chariot was never used to any extent in war, possibly because of generally unfavorable topography. It was, however, prominent in games and processions, becoming in Rome the inevitable carriage of the triumphal procession. Here also the chariot races of the circus were developed. The ancient chariot was a very light vehicle, drawn by two or more horses hitched side by side. The car was little else than a floor with a waist-high semicircular guard in front. British chariots were open in front, had a curved wall behind, often had seats, and sometimes had scythes on the wheels.



a wheeled vehicle used in combat and for triumphal, ritual, and burial processions, as well as for sports contests. Ritual and war chariots have been found in the excavations of the graves of the rich dating from the end of the third millennium B.C. as well as from later times (the finds in Kish, Ur, the Transcaucasus, and elsewhere). Representations of chariots in clay and bronze, bas-reliefs, and paintings have been found over broad areas of Eurasia and North Africa.

War chariots were widely used in the armies of the ancient Orient (Egypt, Assyria, Persia, China, and India). War chariots made up special military detachments which operated in front of or at the flanks of the infantry. An attack by the chariots would disorganize enemy ranks, and the infantry that followed the chariots would complete the rout. There were several types of war chariots, including two-wheeled chariots that were pulled by one or two horses (one warrior drove the horses, and the others fought with spears, swords, or bows); in the case of the four-wheeled chariot pulled by four horses, spears were fastened to its poles, blades were fastened to its axles, and the horses were covered with armor.

In classical Greece the horse-drawn chariot was used chiefly for sports contests. In Rome the triumphal chariots were of the greatest importance; these chariots were used for celebrating victorious imperial campaigns. Up to eight pairs of horses were used to draw them. In medieval Western Europe war chariots were used with high, strong sides in which holes were cut; gunners and even small cannons were carried in such chariots.


a two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle used in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, etc., in war, races, and processions
References in periodicals archive ?
vi) At this crucial psychological state, charioteer Sri Krishna as spiritual guide, gives deep counsel and awakening call to Arjuna --"Arise, O Prince
Together with the Mozia Charioteer, these examples showcased the possible range of Sikeliote sculptural achievement from the period.
As the chariot of the soul attempts to soar aloft and approach the sublime beauty of the divine, the charioteer has great difficulty in trying to manage these opposing forces:
44) The charioteer is the best qualified candidate for assessing these lines because the charioteer's techne includes this information.
Her short stories have been published in journals as diverse as "Mouth Full of Bullets" and "The Charioteer.
Horses were a vital component in warfare and hunting, reflected especially in the art of ancient Assyria (9th-7th centuries BC), whose ornate horse trappings illusrate the prestige and status of the horse, rider and charioteer.
The men gathered as witnesses are not mentioned again and had perhaps dispersed, while Ahab and Elijah remained on the mountain, along with the King's charioteer and any other personal attendants he kept with him, and one anonymous man who makes a sudden incongruous appearance as a servant of the solitary and rough-living prophet.
Doing physio in the corridor' evokes another artifact from the past, the statue of a charioteer at Delphi, 'horses and chariot gone,/His left hand lopped .
The former, especially in the Phaedrus and the Republic, provided the arguments and the imagery (notably in the allegories of the charioteer and the cave) that would long help others to redeem a maligned rhetoric for philosophical ends.
I became a master charioteer and bribed Roman officials, ultimately being crowned the Caesar of the empire.