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(1) (CRunTime) See runtime library.

(2) (Cathode Ray Tube) A vacuum tube used as a display screen in a computer monitor or TV. The viewing end of the tube is coated with phosphors, which emit light when struck by electrons.

In the past, CRT was a popular term for a computer display terminal. Today, "monitor" is the correct term as computer displays have long since migrated from CRTs to LCD panels (see flat panel display). Likewise, TV sets no longer use CRTs (see flat panel TV).

Electrons and Phosphors
The CRT works by heating a cathode which causes electrons to flow. Accelerating and focusing anodes turn the electrons into a fine beam that is directed to the phosphors by magnetic fields that are generated by steering coils. The viewing end of a color CRT tube is coated with red, green and blue phosphor dots, and separate "electron guns" bombard their respective colors a line at a time in a prescribed sequence (see raster scan).

The resulting color displayed on screen is derived by the intensity of the electron beams as they strike the red, green and blue phosphors and cause them to glow at each pixel location. See cathode and vacuum tube.

Back to the 1800s
The first oscilloscope tube was developed in 1897 by German scientist Ferdinand Braun. Using a fluorescent screen and still known as a "Braun tube" in Germany, his "cathode-ray oscilloscope" was used to display the patterns of electronic signals. Although better known for inventing the CRT, Braun shared the Nobel Prize in 1909 with Guglielmo Marconi for wireless telegraphy.

The Braun Tube
This is one of five CRT oscilloscopes developed by Ferdinand Braun in 1897. Using a bellows, it took a strong man to evacuate the air. The successor to Sir William Crookes' vacuum tubes some 20 years earlier, these tubes used "cold" cathodes, which means they were unheated, but required a huge voltage. (Image courtesy of O'Neill's Electronic Museum)

CRT Vs. Flat Panel
The CRT gave way to LCD panels in the late 1990s, taking less space, less power and emitting less radiation. This high-quality EIZO LCD monitor was state-of-the-art in 1999. (Image courtesy of EIZO Nanao Technologies Inc.)

CRT Front Projection
The first data and TV projectors used CRTs, and although mostly abandoned, they continue to provide the highest quality. In 2006, this home theater was built by a serious video enthusiast. See front-projection TV. (Images courtesy of Kal of

CRT Rear Projection
Although big and bulky, the Pioneer Elite Pro-107 was perhaps the best CRT-based rear-projection TV ever made. Still working fine after 17 years, this unit was sold for a pittance in 2010. See rear-projection TV.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Accumulation Schedule is the only part of Form 5227 where charitable remainder trusts report information on nontaxable income [11].
There are some crucial differences between charitable remainder trusts and lead trusts.
The Charitable Remainder Trust is a unique way to help yourself and the Health Sciences Centre Foundation.
How 501(c)(3)s can benefit from charitable remainder trusts.
This is accomplished by having the donor contribute an appreciated asset to a charitable remainder trust and take back an annuity or unitrust interest, then having the trust sell the asset and reinvest the proceeds in tax-exempt securities.
The Charitable Remainder Trust allows you to open up a trust account with a charity of your choice named as a recipient.
Some such as the private foundation and charitable remainder trust require minimum annual distributions; others require annual contributions.
The portion of the corpus of a grantor-retained interest trust or a charitable remainder trust includible in the decedent's gross estate under Sec.
Leading national donor-advised fund adds charitable remainder trust offering to expand selection of strategic philanthropic options for donors and advisors
The IRS has addressed the following issues: Timing of the charitable deduction in connection with gifts of stock options, gifts where the donor retains the ability to manage the gift property, final regulations concerning the charitable remainder trust characterization and ordering rules, and a controversial (and withdrawn) proposal concerning the impact of spousal elective share laws on the qualification of charitable remainder trusts.
Its Charitable Trust Services, also launched last year, has also attracted the attention of philanthropists who are looking to generate dependable income for life while setting aside a future charitable donation within a Charitable Remainder Trust.
5 million in a non-dilutive agreement with the privately funded ALS Charitable Remainder Trust to fund continued arimoclomol development for the treatment for ALS in return for a 1% royalty from potential worldwide sales of arimoclomol for the treatment of ALS.

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