Charles Albert


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Charles Albert,

1798–1849, king of Sardinia (1831–49, see Savoy, house ofSavoy, house of,
dynasty of Western Europe that ruled Savoy and Piedmont from the 11th cent., the kingdom of Sicily from 1714 to 1718, the kingdom of Sardinia from 1720 to 1861, and the kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.
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). Because he had not been entirely unsympathetic to the revolutionary movement of 1821 in Sardinia, Charles Albert developed an ambiguous political reputation prior to acceding to the throne in 1831. His first years in power were unexceptional, however. He set to work rejuvenating the troubled kingdom by reorganizing its finances, creating an army, and instituting a limited amount of political reforms. As the political situation became more tumultuous in the late 1840s, Charles Albert issued a new code of law, abolished internal tariffs, and, to forestall a revolution, granted (1848) a constitution. Resentful of Austria's rule over Italy and wanting to incorporate Lombardy into his own domain, Charles Albert welcomed the Milanese revolt of Mar., 1848, against the Austrians and sent out his army to support it. Initially successul, his army was beaten back at Custozza, and he was forced to ask for an armistice in July, 1848. Reviled by the Milanese for his failures, and under strong political pressure from the Italian nationalists in Turin, Charles Albert denounced the armistice and, with an army of 80,000 men, attacked the Austrians in Mar., 1849. He was beaten once again, whereupon he abdicated in favor of his son, Victor Emmanuel II, and went into exile in Portugal, where he soon died. A mysterious, complex, and controversial man, Charles Albert was a leading figure in the RisorgimentoRisorgimento
[Ital.,=resurgence], in 19th-century Italian history, period of cultural nationalism and of political activism, leading to unification of Italy. Roots of the Risorgimento
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 and helped inspire the growing drive for national independence.

Charles Albert

 

Born Oct. 2, 1798, in Turin; died July 28, 1849, in Oporto. King of Sardinia-Piedmont (1831–).

Charles Albert belonged to the Savoy dynasty. During the Revolution of 1848–, he introduced a moderately liberal constitution (Albertine Statute, 1848). As a result of his adherenceto a policy of compromise and his concessions to the embattled camps, the Italians called him the “king of vacillation.” Under pressure from the national liberation movement, he declared war on Austria. After Italy’s defeat in the Austro-Italian War of1848–, Charles Albert abdicated the throne (Mar. 23, 1849)and fled to Portugal.

References in periodicals archive ?
The gunman boarded a bus, carrying 20 school children on Tuesday, and shot dead the vehicle's driver, 66-year-old Charles Albert Poland.
The bus driver, Charles Albert Poland Jr, 66, was hailed by locals as a hero who gave his life to protect 21 students.
Peacefully in Orchard House, Berwick on Monday 28th January, Charles Albert, aged 96 years, dearly loved husband of Annabella, beloved father of Margaret and devoted grandfather of Philippe and Laure, Olivier and Sophie, loving great grandfather of Ambre, Eva, Martin and Niels.
This stirring song, derived perhaps from the gospel song "I'll Overcome Someday" composed in 1901 by Reverend Charles Albert Tindley (1851-1933), became the anthem of the Civil Rights Movement.
Les hommes de l'entraEneur suisse Charles Albert Rosley qui ont reussi, mercredi, leur premiere victoire de la saison en infligeant aux FAR leur premiere defaite cette annee, n'ont pas demerite face au WAC.
Charles Albert Gobat, and the organisation initially had its headquarters in
Or, to give him his full name, Prince Henry Charles Albert David of Wales (presumably really Henry Charles Albert David Windsor).
Designed by Charles Albert, this large pendant depicts an old Chinese coin.
The Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan under the Obama administration, Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke, will arrive in Bishkek today on a working visit, reported the TV channel 5 with reference to sources in the Government House.
In Chief Bender's Burden, journalist Tom Swift provides an entertaining biography of Charles Albert Bender, who was elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame in 1953.
The government should ask Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke, Special Representative for Pak-Afghan, who will be visiting Islamabad on Tuesday (tomorrow), to stop drone attacks, which is a real cause of disturbance in the country, he said.
Charles Albert Bender was a Hall of Fame pitcher during the early decades of the twentieth century, an unflappable wizard of a variety of pitches and speeds (he may have been the inventor of the slider), a World Series champ (with Connie Mack's legendary Philadelphia Athletics), gifted with low-keyed charisma and hunky good looks, and a determination that kept him in the game at a time when pitchers worked far more often than they do today (in the 1911 World Series, he pitched three complete games), and a pitcher who retired with more than 200 wins.

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