Charles Cameron


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Cameron, Charles

 

Born in the 1730’s, in Scotland; died 1812, in St. Petersburg. Russian classicist architect. Scottish by birth.

Cameron studied in France and Italy. In 1779 he began working in St. Petersburg as Catherine II’s court architect. From 1802 to 1805 he was the principal architect of the Admiralty College. His most important project was a complex of buildings at Tsarskoe Selo (now the town of Pushkin). In the Agate Pavilion (1780–85) with the Cold Baths, Cameron used architectural motifs that were characteristic of Roman baths. His other buildings at Tsarskoe Selo include the Hanging Garden (1783–86) and Cameron Gallery (1783–86; ramp, 1793). In the latter building, Cameron effectively contrasted the massive, monumental forms of the ground floor and the light, open gallery of the upper tier. He also built the palace and park pavilions at Pavlovsk (1780–1801), which form a harmonious architectural complex with the surrounding park. The palace is characterized by classical clarity and elegance; the architect’s imagination and his distinctive interpretation of classical architectural elements and decorative motifs are clearly revealed.

Cameron’s interiors, including the Arabesque Hall, the Snuff Box, and the Green Dining Hall of the Great Palace in Pushkin, as well as the Greek and Roman halls in Pavlovsk Palace, are distinguished by an extraordinary refinement and elegance of form and decor, as well as by a masterful coordination of different materials. These interiors were all created in the 1770’s and 1780’s; they were destroyed by the fascist Germans during the Great Patriotic War (restored, 1945–69). Cameron also constructed the Razumovskii Palace in Baturin, in the Ukraine (1799–1803).

REFERENCE

Taleporovskii, V. N. Charl’z Kameron. Moscow, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
Charles Cameron, 19, pulled the gun as soon as he opened the door to Darren Roy, who had come to his home after he missed a meeting.
RESISTANCE to off-field changes at Sixways led to the departure of Worcester Warriors chief executive Charles Cameron.
Catherine the Great's cultural imports included architects, among them Scotsman Charles Cameron.
Chief executive Charles Cameron added: "Fortunately, the driver noticed there was smoke coming out of the back of the bus, he pulled over and the bus caught fire.
The New York lighting community is in its full radiance at the Lumen Gala, the IESNYC's celebration of excellence in lighting de sign," said Charles Cameron, president of the IESNYC and principal at Studio C Squared.
Charles Cameron, a Portland stockbroker and lifelong friend, said he knew Warren well in high school, but they became close while attending the UO.
While the scandals don't appear to warrant an impeachment, Charles Cameron, a professor of politics and public affairs at Princeton University, said they speak to the ongoing managerial weaknesses of the Obama White House.
Levine, who directs the Center for Autophagy Research in Internal Medicine and who holds the Charles Cameron Sprague Distinguished Chair in Biomedical Science.
But Catherine the Great, it seems, was a big fan of Charles Cameron so asked him to revamp parts of her palace and gardens overlooking the Slavyanka River, near St Petersburg.
In August 2010, lighting designer Charles Cameron became president and chief lighting officer of his newly launched firm, Studio [C.
Synova has also appointed Charles Cameron as Non-executive Chairman.
Less embattled than the New South Wales Liberals, less enmeshed in Protestant sectarianism than past generations of Victorians, South Australia has contributed more than its quota of independent-minded mavericks to the right-wing half of Australian politics: Charles Cameron Kingston, Charles Hawker, Archie Cameron, Steele Hall .