Charlie Chaplin

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Sir Charles Chaplin
Charles Spencer Chaplin
Birthday
BirthplaceLondon, United Kingdom (unverified)
Died
NationalityBritish
Occupation
Actor, film director, film producer, screenwriter, editor, composer

Chaplin, Charlie

(Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin), 1889–1977, English film actor, director, producer, writer, and composer, b. London. Chaplin began on the music-hall stage and then joined a pantomime troupe. While on tour in the United States, he was recruited by Mack SennettSennett, Mack
, 1884–1960, American movie director and producer, b. Danville, Que. In 1909 he began working for D. W. Griffith at the Biograph Company, and in 1912 he organized his own Keystone Company.
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. Chaplin merged physical grace, disrespect for authority, and sentimentality into a highly individual character he created for the Keystone Company. In appearance, his Little Tramp wore a gentlemen's derby, cane, and neatly kept moustache with baggy trousers and oversized shoes. He affected a unique, bow-legged dance-walk. Chaplin skipped from one studio to another in search of greater control over his work, finally cofounding United Artists in 1919 with D. W. GriffithGriffith, D. W.
(David Llewelyn Wark Griffith), 1875–1948, American movie director and producer, b. La Grange, Ky. Griffith was the first major American film director. He began his film career as an actor and a scenario writer in 1908 with the Biograph Company.
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, Douglas FairbanksFairbanks, Douglas,
1883–1939, American movie actor, b. Denver. From 1901 to 1914, Fairbanks appeared on stage in light comedies. In 1915 he began making movies, becoming the swashbuckling hero of his day in such films as The Mark of Zorro (1921),
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, and Mary PickfordPickford, Mary,
1893–1979, American movie actress, b. Toronto, Ont. In 1909 she began working with D. W. Griffith. Specializing in playing young girls, she was dubbed "America's Sweetheart.
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.

Chaplin's features include The Kid (1920), The Gold Rush (1924), The Circus (1928), City Lights (1931), Modern Times (1936), The Great Dictator (1940), Monsieur Verdoux (1947), and Limelight (1952). He enjoyed immense worldwide popularity, though this was tempered by his refusal to use sound until 1940. His political sympathies and various personal scandals contributed to his declining popularity. In 1952, he was barred on political grounds from re-entering the United States and lived thereafter in Switzerland. In 1975 he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. His fourth wife was Oona O'Neill, the daughter of Eugene O'Neill. He won an Academy Award in 1972 for his score to Limelight.

Bibliography

See his My Trip Abroad (1922) and autobiography (1964); biographies by C. Chaplin, Jr. (1960), P. Tyler (1947, repr. 1972), and P. Ackroyd (2014); G. D. McDonald et al., The Films of Charlie Chaplin (1965); K. S. Lynn, Charlie Chaplin and His Times (1997); J. Vance, Chaplin: Genius of the Cinema (2003).

Chaplin, (Charles Spencer) Charlie

(1889–1977) movie actor, producer, screenwriter, director, composer; born in London, England. The son of music hall entertainers, his mother had a nervous breakdown and his father died when Charlie was five; he became a street urchin, along with his half-brother, Sydney, dancing for pennies in the street. After a time in an orphanage, he joined a troupe of child dancers and later had small roles on the London stage. At age 17 he joined a troupe of players that toured the United States, where in 1912 he joined the Keystone company to appear in his first movie, Making a Living (1914). Chaplin made 35 films in one year at Keystone, many of which he also wrote and directed, meanwhile honing his character of "The Little Tramp"; despite the appearance of spontaneity and improvisation, he worked out every last detail of his films. He joined Essanay in 1915, making his first masterpiece, The Tramp, that year. He became one of the founders of United Artists in 1919. At First National, he made The Kid in 1921, which made him an international star. He went on to make his major works—City Lights (1928), Modern Times (1936), The Great Dictator (1940), Limelight (1952)—after which there was a distinct falling off. Over the years he had been criticized for his many romantic affairs, often with younger women; he also had never applied for U.S. citizenship. In 1952, on a ship to England, he was informed that he might not be permitted back into the States because of his alleged leftist views, so he settled in Switzerland with his wife Oona, daughter of Eugene O'Neill, with whom he had eight children. He did not return to the U.S.A. until 1972 when he accepted a Special Academy Award. In 1975, by then regarded as one of the few individuals to be a true genius of motion pictures, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
References in periodicals archive ?
The film legend became Sir Charles Chaplin, aged 85, in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace, where he was accompanied by his fourth wife, Oona, and the two youngest of his nine children.
Since 1972 when the Film Society honored Charles Chaplin, the annual Gala Tribute celebrates an actor, filmmaker or industry leader who has helped distinguish cinema as an art form.
Others included in the book are Marian Anderson, Maya Angelou, Ludwig van Beethoven, Pablo Casals, Charles Chaplin, Charles Dickens, Robert Frost, Martha Graham, Wolfgang Mozart, Edgar Allan Poe, William Shakespeare and Frank Lloyd Wright.
In 1919 the biggest Hollywood stars of the era -- Charles Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks -- and the most successful silent film director, ``Birth of a Nation's'' D.
1978: Coffin of Charles Chaplin stolen, only months after being buried.
30pm and Wednesday July 20 at 7pm The Charles Chaplin Confer-ence runs from July 21 to 24 at the London College of Communication, and aims to address the work and worldwide cultural influence of the movie legend.
Cannes 2003 mounted a Fellini retrospective (I watched La Strada, appropriately enough if you recall the ending of that film, on the beach under the stars at a special outdoor screening), a special presentation screening of the restored print of Chaplin's Modern Times (an interesting contrast to the T3 promos, as Chaplin's film sounds a more important warning about the "rise of the machines") and presented American film critic Richard Schickel's documentary Charlie: The Life and Art of Charles Chaplin.
They were due to attend the movie's premiere at Havana's Charles Chaplin cinema, then spend the week visiting local film-schools and meeting members of Cuba's local film industry.
Fields (in 1946) and Sir Charles Chaplin (in 1977) both died on
So I discarded my list of prepared questions and thought primarily about his interests as revealed in these essays, which concern the making of his own films, Indian films in general, the European film avant-garde, British cinema, Japanese cinema, silent films, Charles Chaplin, John Ford, Jean Renoir, Akira Kurosawa, etc.
The long list of British award winners over the years includes GREATs such as Charles Chaplin, Julie Andrews, Ben Kingsley, Daniel Day-Lewis, Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren and Kate Winslet.
IF SIR Charles Chaplin was still with us today I am sure he would have a smile on his face after seeing the French-made black-and-white silent classic film The Artist winning five Oscars in Hollywood this year.

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