Bourbaki, Charles Denis Sauter

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Bourbaki, Charles Denis Sauter

(shärl dənē` sōtā` bo͞orbäkē`), 1816–97, French general of Greek ancestry. In the Algerian campaigns and the Crimean War he gained one of the highest military reputations in Europe. Offered the Greek throne (1862), he declined. In the Franco-Prussian War, put in command of the Army of the East by the provisional government, he failed to raise the siege of BelfortBelfort
, city (1990 pop. 51,913), capital of the Territory of Belfort (a department), E France, in Alsace. An important industrial and transportation center, it has large cotton mills and metalworks. A major fortress town since the 17th cent.
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 and was pursued to Switzerland, where his troops were disarmed and interned (Feb. 2, 1871).