Charles Emmanuel I


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Charles Emmanuel I,

1562–1630, duke of Savoy (1580–1630), son and successor of Emmanuel PhilibertEmmanuel Philibert
, 1528–80, duke of Savoy (1553–80), called Ironhead. He succeeded his father, Charles III, who had been dispossessed of his duchy by Francis I of France and the Swiss in 1536.
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. He continued his father's efforts to recover territories lost to the duchy, but his reckless, although cunning, diplomacy undermined many of the sound economic and political achievements of the previous decades. His goal to incorporate Geneva, Saluzzo, and MontferratMontferrat
, Ital. Monferrato, historic region of Piedmont, NW Italy, south of the Po River, now mostly in Alessandria prov. It is largely hilly, and wine, fruit, and cereals are produced. In the late 10th cent.
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 into Savoy caused him to oscillate in his alliances between France and Spain. In the long run he met with only limited success. In 1602 he tried unsuccessfully to reconquer Geneva by surprise attack. He recovered Saluzzo from the French by the Treaty of Lyons (1601), giving up, in exchange, Bresse, Bugey, Gex, and Pinerolo, but he lost Saluzzo just before his death. He waged war over the succession to Montferrat for much of the first quarter of the 16th cent. At the time of his death his duchy was overrun by the French. Charles Emmanuel, called the Great, was succeeded by his son, Victor Amadeus I.

Charles Emmanuel I

 

(Carlo Emanuele). Born Jan. 12, 1562, in Rivoli; died July 26, 1630, in Savigliano. Duke of Savoy from 1580.

Charles Emmanuel drew Savoy into numerous destructive wars, primarily against France (including the wars for the marquessate of Saluzzo, 1588–1601, and for the succession of Mantua, 1628–). These wars undermined the country’s economy and resulted in the loss of a number of territories.

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