Finney, Charles Grandison

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Finney, Charles Grandison,

1792–1875, American evangelist, theologian, and educator, b. Warren, Conn. Licensed to the Presbyterian ministry in 1824, he had phenomenal success as a revivalist in the Eastern states, converting many who became noted abolitionistsabolitionists,
in U.S. history, particularly in the three decades before the Civil War, members of the movement that agitated for the compulsory emancipation of the slaves.
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. In 1834 the Broadway Tabernacle, New York City, was organized for him. Under his leadership this church withdrew from its presbytery and adopted the Congregational form of government. In 1837, Finney went to Oberlin College, where he was professor of theology until 1875 and president of the college from 1851 to 1865. At the same time he was pastor of the Oberlin Congregational Church and continued his evangelistic tours until his death, twice visiting England to conduct revivals. His theological writings, published chiefly in the Oberlin Evangelist, which he founded and edited, were of great influence and set the tone of "Oberlin theology," one of the forms of New School Calvinism. His Lectures on Revivals of Religion (1835) became the classic book for generations of revivalists.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (1876, repr. 1973); study by V. R. Edman (1951); W. G. McLoughlin, Modern Revivalism (1959).

Finney, Charles Grandison

(1792–1875) Protestant religious leader, educator; born in Warren, Conn. Raised on the verge of the frontier in Oneida County, N.Y., he studied for the bar but turned to evangelism after an emotional religious conversion in 1821. He was ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1824 and shortly afterwards launched an eight-year revival campaign that carried him through New York, New England, and the mid-Atlantic states. Named pastor of the Second Free Presbyterian Church in New York City in 1832, he resigned two years later to become pastor of Broadway Tabernacle, a Congregational church organized especially for him. In 1835 he became professor of theology at Oberlin College in Ohio, beginning an association that would continue for the rest of his life. Two years later he accepted the pastorship of the First Congregational Church in Oberlin. He was president of Oberlin College from 1851–66. His Memoirs, about his lifetime of teaching, preaching, and evangelism, appeared the year after his death.
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Intent on correcting our collective amnesia, Invisible Giants offers profiles of extraordinary, neglected people, including Oliver Evans, a prodigious and prophetic inventor; Henry Haupt, a formidable figure in the history of American engineering and railroading; and Charles Grandison Finney, the evangelist who, claims selector Edmund S.
So, for example, Fox rehearses how Thomas Jefferson could extol the ethical teachings of Jesus, while doubting his divinity as proclaimed by more orthodox thinkers, at the same time that many Protestants in America, from Charles Grandison Finney to Nat Turner, were shedding a distant, Calvinist Jesus for a friendlier Armininan one who, through a direct encounter that would have left Jefferson speechless, empowered individuals to challenge prevailing norms.
And, while it is possible to differ with a few of the selections -- I would have preferred Emerson's "Divinity School Address" with its poetic evocation of New England spring to his "Lord's Supper Sermon" and was a little put off by Zora Neale Hurston's dialect transcription of an otherwise unknown black preacher's sermon--and to wonder at the absence of figures such as the nineteenth-century evangelist Charles Grandison Finney ("Lectures on Revivals of Religion"), the ecclesiastical busybody Lyman Beecher ("A Plea for the West"), the educational liberal Horace Bushnell, or the founder of Christian Science, Mary Baker Eddy--by and large, it is a well-chosen group of works.
She finds such mutual accommodation occurring after 1830, brought about in part by Charles Grandison Finney, whose career mirrored the transition.
The revivals that broke out in North Wales in 1839 and 1840 and in South Wales for the three years following were the first to extensively use the revival techniques championed by the American Presbyterian revivalist Charles Grandison Finney.
The Lane Rebels, along with theology professor Charles Grandison Finney, insisted that African American students be admitted on the same terms as whites and that free speech be protected.
Charles Grandison Finney, Lectures on Revivals of Religion (1835; Cambridge, Mass.
It was condemned by some prominent people, including Benjamin Disraeli, Millard Fillmore and Charles Grandison Finney, the famed revivalist of the 1840s.
Rummaging around for a title to his now-classic study of the religious movements that rocked central and western New York state during the first half of the nineteenth century, Whitney Cross decided that he could do no better than to lean on Charles Grandison Finney.
They persuaded the famous revivalist Charles Grandison Finney to come to Oberlin to teach.
Charles Grandison Finney opened his series of weekly Lectures on Revivals of Religion that he delivered in New York in 1835 by asserting that, employing the "laws of nature," a religious revival could be induced among a group of people with the same certainty as one might cultivate a crop of grain.
He could have been talking about Jonathan Edwards or Charles Grandison Finney.