Charles Lamb

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Charles Lamb
BirthplaceInner Temple, London, England
Known for Essays of Elia. Tales from Shakespeare

Lamb, Charles,

1775–1834, English essayist, b. London. He went to school at Christ's Hospital, where his lifelong friendship with Coleridge began. Lamb was a clerk at the India House from 1792 to 1825. In 1796 his sister Mary Ann Lamb (1764–1847) in a fit of temporary insanity attacked and wounded their father and stabbed and killed their mother. Lamb had himself declared her guardian to save her from permanent commitment to an asylum, and after 1799 they lived together. Mary was an intelligent and affectionate companion, but the shadow of her madness continued to plague their lives. They collaborated on several books for children, publishing in 1807 their famous Tales from Shakespeare. Lamb wrote four plays, none of which were successful. However, his dramatic essays, Specimens of English Dramatic Poets (1808), established his reputation as a critic and did much in reviving the popularity of Elizabethan drama. From 1800 on he wrote intermittently for periodicals, the major contribution being the famous Essays of Elia (London Magazine, 1820–25), which were collected in 1823 and 1833. The essays cover a variety of subjects and maintain throughout an intimate and familiar tone. Lamb's style is peculiarly his own. His close-knit, subtle organization, his self-revealing observations on life, and his humor, fantasy, and pathos combine to make him one of the great masters of the English essay. Lamb was a gifted conversationalist and was friendly with most of the major literary figures of his time.


See his Life, Letters and Writings, ed. by P. Fitzgerald (1895, repr. 1971); E. W. Marrs, Jr., ed., The Letters of Charles and Mary Anne Lamb (3 vol., 1975–78); biographies by A. Ainger (1901, repr. 1970), E. V. Lucas (1968), D. Cecil (1984), and B. Cornwall (2003); biography of Mary Anne Lamb by S. T. Hitchcock (2004); studies by E. Blunden (1954; 1933, repr. 1967), J. E. Riehl (1980), and G. Monsman (1984 and 2003).

Lamb, Charles


Born Feb. 10, 1775, in London; died Dec. 27, 1834, in Edmonton. English writer. Son of a clerk.

Lamb graduated from a London school for the poor. His first sonnets were published anonymously in 1796. Lamb’s Blank Verse (1798, with C. Lloyd) contained one of his most famous poems, The Old Familiar Faces (Russian translations by M. L. Mikhailov and A. N. Pleshcheev). Tales From Shakespeare, which he wrote with his sister, Mary (1807; Russian translation, 1865), were retellings for children of Shakespeare’s plays.

Lamb contributed to many literary journals; his essays written under the pseudonym Elia (vol. 1, 1823; vol. 2, 1833) depicted the London poor with romantic imagination and warm humor.


Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 2, issue 1. Moscow, 1953.
D’iakonova, N, la. Londonskie romantiki iprobleme angliiskogo romantizma. Leningrad, 1970.
Lucas, E. V. Life of Charles Lamb, vols. 1-2. London, 1921.
References in periodicals archive ?
See Charles Lamb and Mary Lamb, The Letters of Charles and Mary Anne Lamb, ed.
Charles Lamb, "The Two Races of Men," in The Works of Charles and Mary Lamb, ed.
Watson, "Lamb and Food" Charles Lamb Bulletin 54 (1986), 171.
Other Romantic writers, including Charles Lamb and William Hazlitt, also wish to have a close connection with their public audience.
By contrast, "organic" form is fully recognized in Lamb's essays by Richard Haven, who explicitly Frank the comparison between the essays and Coleridge's conversation poems, and also by Frank Jordan, who asserts that Lamb "realized to perfection Coleridge's theory of organic form" (Richard Haven, "The Romantic Art of Charles Lamb," ELH 30 [1963]: 139; Frank Jordan, "More about the Romantic Art of Charles Lamb," The Charles Lamb Bulletin 13 [1976]: 90).
1, 254-55; The Life, Letters, and Writings of Charles Lamb, ed.
It features 300 years of Irish art and includes exhibits by Jack Butler Yeats, Basil Blackshaw and Charles Lamb.
Charles Lamb, a security official at the Asbury Methodist Retirement Village, discovered the fliers and contacted Postal Inspectors, expressing concern as to the legitimacy of the solicitation.
Flat 5, in North Cottage, Adderstone Road, is available to rent for pounds 1,500pcm, through Charles Lamb, tel: 0191 281 6200.
The early romantics' indebtedness to Burns is quite obvious, and many critics have investigated the relationship of Bums and his work to such writers as Charles Lamb and Samuel Taylor Coleridge who all but worshipped this carousing poet.
I'm very disappointed to be excluded," said Australian Ambassador Mr Charles Lamb outside the court.
Other reviewers stated the novel reminded one of Burton, De Quincy, and Charles Lamb.