Charles Maurras


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Maurras, Charles

 

Born Apr. 20, 1868, in Martigues, Bouches-du-Rhône; died Nov. 16, 1952, in Tours. French publicist, critic, and poet.

In 1899, Maurras joined the royalist group that had arisen around the biweekly journal Revue de l’Action française; in 1908, the journal became the daily newspaper L’Action française, whose guiding spirit was Maurras. In his articles, Maurras called for discipline and order in society; he asserted the beneficial nature of hereditary monarchy and Catholicism and declared the superiority of the “Latin race” over other peoples. He set forth his political ideas in Enquiry Concerning Monarchy (1900–09) and Kiel and Tangier (1910). Maurras regarded 17th-century classicism as his ethical and aesthetic standard. He wrote a number of books discrediting romanticism and praising the Greco-Roman sources of French culture; among these are The Road to Paradise (1894), Anthinéa (1901), The Lovers of Venice (1902), and The Future of Intelligence (1905).

In his poetry of the 1890’s, Maurras founded the école romane, which opposed symbolism; in essence this was only a variety of the decadent and symbolist movements (the collections For the Sake of Psyche, published separately in 1911, and Inscriptions, 1921). During World War II, Maurras was a rabid chauvinist. During World War II he was the official ideologist of the Pétain government, which collaborated with the fascist German invaders.

WORKS

Oeuvres capitales, vols. 1–4. Paris [1954].
Critique et poésie. Paris, 1968.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Massis, H. Maurras et notre temps. Paris [1961]

V. E. SHOR

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Charles Maurras was a leading figure of the anti-democratic right in France for more than 50 years, and his highly polemical paper, Action francaise, was bitterly critical of everything the liberal democratic West now values, whether cultural pluralism, political equality, or what Maurras mocked as the human-rights heritage of the French Revolution.
La Accion Francesa antes de ser un movimiento politico nacido del "caso Dreyfus" a finales del siglo XIX, fue propulsado por Charles Maurras mismo como un "movimiento de regeneracion estetica--aunque intimamente ligado a otra regeneracion de orden moral--sustentado en la postulacion de la necesidad de reencontrar unas formas esteticas propias del espiritu meridional europeo, clasicas por ello mismo, y genuinas en todo el arco mediterraneo", como lo explica muy bien Jaume Vallcorba en su presentacion de la biografia intelectual del maestro de la Accion Francesa escrita por Stephane Giocanti (2010, p.
25) See, Michael Sutton, Nationalism, Positivism and Catholicism: The Politics of Charles Maurras and French Catholics, 1890-1914 (Cambridge, 1982), pp.
La question des influences intellectuelles de Groulx a fait couler beaucoup d'encre parmi les chercheurs depuis les annees 1950, alors que Mason Wade et Michael Oliver, sans doute les premiers a s'interesser serieusement a la question, croyaient deceler dans le nationalisme groulxiste l'empreinte profonde et durable de Maurice Barres, du comte de Gobineau, de Gonzague de Reynold et, surtout, de Charles Maurras (2).
Anything that smacks of complexity goes against its inner logic; it is precisely why Charles Maurras, another French antisemite, took great delight in hawking a worldview that "enables everything to be arranged, smoothed over and simplified.
Um artigo de Charles Maurras sobre a publicacao de Sesame et les lys expressa essa tendencia:
Their turn, toward the royalism of Charles Maurras in the case of Eliot, and toward Italian and German fascism, respectively, in the cases of Pound and Lewis, was consistent with the reformist fashion of the era's critical output.
When other reactionary thinkers, like Charles Maurras, Louis Ferdinand Celine, and Robert Brasillach, attacked the Republic, they also attacked the place French Jewry had within it.
El libro se apoya en una ingente masa documental entre la que se encuentra el Fondo Maurras (hoy en los Archivos Nacionales de Francia); el Bulletin Charles Maurras, los Cahiers Charles Maurras y la correspondencia Mistral/Maurras, principalmente.
The writers are Charles Maurras, "the counter-revolutionary, Nationalist, and monarchist;" Maruice Barres, "the conservative, Nationalist, and traditionalist;" and Georges Sorel, "the dedicated moralist who denounced decadence and stressed the importance of individual action.
The resurgence of the persecuted and long-captive Orthodox Church is recognised, with an implied comparison between the patronage from Russia's new political leaders and the attitude of Charles Maurras to French Catholicism.
His debt to Henri Bergson, Georges Sorrel, Julien Benda, and Charles Maurras have been noted and much speculated upon.