Charles Nodier


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Nodier, Charles

 

Born Apr. 29, 1780, in Besançon; died Jan. 27, 1844, in Paris. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1833).

The son of a lawyer, Nodier studied at the Ecole Centrale in Besançon. His first novel was The Exiles (1802). After the publication in London in 1803 of a satire on Napoleon, Nodier was forced into exile. In 1812–13 he edited the newspaper Télégraphe illyrien in Laibach (now Ljubljana). The Balkan Slavs’ struggle for independence inspired him to write the novel Jean Sbogar (published anonymously in 1818 in Paris), which became a landmark in the history of French romanticism.

On returning to Paris, Nodier founded the first cénacle (a coterie or group that formed around the early leaders of the romantic movement). His penchant for “black romance” (Smarra, 1821; published under the pseudonym M. Odin) did not affect the folktale quality of his stories, especially those written in the 1830’s. The majority of them served as models for the fantastic short story.

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1–12. Paris, 1833–37.
Contes. Paris [1961].
In Russian translation:
Izbr. proizv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.

REFERENCES

Oblomievskii, D. D. Frantsuzskii romantizm. Moscow, 1947.
Istoriia frantszuskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Held, M. C. Nodier et le romantisme. Bonnier, 1949.
Juin, H. Charles Nodier. [Paris, 1970.] (In the series Ecrivains d’hier et d’aujourd’hui.)
Bender, E. J. Bibliographie: C. Nodier. Lafayette, Ind., 1969.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Boruszko's recent publications include "La Presence des images d'origine biblique dans Ines de las Sierras de Charles Nodier," The South Carolina Modern Language Review (2010).
Besides the introduction and conclusion, the book comprises six chapters, each focusing on a different author, except that Prosper Merimee and Charles Nodier share a chapter, and Stoker spans two (one for Dracula, one for The Lady of the Shroud).
Paradoxal puisque la formule qui veut exprimer la liberte d'acces, d'expression, de pensee et de creation, voire d'identite, est tiree de la bouche d'un sultan imagine par l'ancien bibliothecaire de l'Arsenal a Paris dans le deuxieme quart du XIXe siecle, Charles Nodier.
Accompanying them were Charles Nodier and his wife, twenty years Hugo's senior, and author of Jean Shogar, Smarra, and Le Vampire.
Simonde de Sismondi, Charles Nodier, Victor Hugo, Francis Alexis Rio, Charles Montalembert, August Welby Pugin, and John Ruskin.
Queneau probably adopted the designation from his own literary precedents: a certain Charles Nodier had published two articles in the 1840s on the subject, and in 1880 Gustave Brunet, in a bibliographic essay entitled Les Fous litteraires, had tried to catalog works that were "fait[s] hors de toutes les regles connues de la composition et du style, et dont il est impossible ou tres difficile de deviner le but.