Charles Bernard Renouvier

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Renouvier, Charles Bernard


Born Jan. 1, 1815, in Montpellier; died Sept. 1, 1903, in Prades. French idealist philosopher and leader of French neo-Kantianism (neocriticism). Member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques (1900).

V. I. Lenin characterized Renouvier’s philosophy as “a combination of the phenomenalism of Hume and the apriorism of Kant” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 18, p. 221). As the starting point of philosophy, Renouvier proposed the reality of the facts of consciousness as something self-evident. He therefore rejected the existence of “things-in-themselves,” which he viewed as phenomena. Adhering to the phenomenalism of Hume, Renouvier maintained that experience is the totality of phenomena and that the relationship between thinking and being is the fundamental coordination between the subject and object of cognition. In line with Kant’s apriorism, he constructed a system of categories in which the category of relationship is central. Unlike Kant, however, he did not make a distinction between the forms of sensibility and understanding, and hence space and time are also categories in his system.

In his later works, Renouvier concerned himself chiefly with problems of morality and freedom of will. His philosophy is similar to ethical personalism. His ethics, initially in harmony with Kantian ethics, later came to be based on a rejection of necessity in the world and on an affirmation of the free creativity of numerous spiritual beings—individual personalities. Renouvier’s philosophy exerted an influence on the development of French personalism.


Manuel de philosophie moderne. Paris, 1842.
Essais de critique générale, vols. 1–4. Paris, 1854–64.
Esquisse d’une classification systématique des doctrines philosophiques, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1885–86.
La Nouvelle Monadologie. Paris, 1899.
Le Personnalisme. Paris, 1903.


Lapshin, I. I. “Neokrititsizm Sharlia Renuv’e.” In the collection Novye idei v filosofii, no. 13. St. Petersburg. 1914.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959. Pages 481–85.
Milhaud, G. La Philosophie de Ch. Renouvier. Paris, 1927.
Verneaux, R . L’idéalisme de Renouvier. Paris, 1945.


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This consultation is aimed at the establishment of a boiler wood board in the existing boiler high school Charles Renouvier in Prades (66), keeping the 2 existing boilers in addition to domestic fuel.
The remaining six chapters recount the intellectual and sometimes personal relationships between William James and the following Catholic Modernists: Henri Bergson, Charles Renouvier, Maurice Blondel, Edouard Le Roy, Marcel Hebert, and George Tyrrell.
The volume also contains an essay on Henri Bergson and William James (by Frederic Worms; translated by John Conley) and another about James and Charles Renouvier on free will (Donald Viney).
4) While Georges Fonsegrive and the Social Catholics (generally young workers and college students) insisted on the merits of social action--"au lieu de discuter, nous avons a agir" (15)--the partisans of Solidarism, like Charles Renouvier and Alfred Fouillee, fought for fraternity between the classes, worker's rights, human rights, and secular education (Baguley).
445-57; 543-63) present the French Emile Boutroux, Charles Renouvier, and Luciano Malusa (pp.
Its philosophical roots, articulated in the late 19th century by thinkers who had a strong affinity for liberalism (such as Charles Renouvier and Alfred Fouillee), are Kantian.
Long before the new science of prehistory or the philosophy of Charles Renouvier on proper "affect" (both much stressed here as adding to negative views of the Kanak), racial schemes impugned the intellectual and moral capacities of dark-skinned Melanesians.
William Logue, Charles Renouvier, Philosopher of Liberty (Louisiana State UP, 1993), 262 pp.
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