Charles VII


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Charles VII: Louis XI, Charles VIII

Charles VII

(Charles the Well Served), 1403–61, king of France (1422–61), son and successor of Charles VI. His reign saw the end of the Hundred Years WarHundred Years War,
1337–1453, conflict between England and France. Causes

Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by William of Normandy created a state lying on both sides of the English Channel. In the 14th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Although excluded from the throne by the Treaty of TroyesTroyes, Treaty of,
1420, agreement between Henry V of England, Charles VI of France, and Philip the Good of Burgundy. Its purpose, ultimately unsuccessful, was to settle the issues of the Hundred Years War.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Charles took the royal title after his father's death (1422) and ruled S of the Loire, while John of Lancaster, duke of BedfordBedford, John of Lancaster, duke of,
1389–1435, English nobleman; third son of Henry IV of England and brother of Henry V. At the death (1422) of his brother and succession of his 9-month-old nephew, Henry VI, Bedford was designated as regent of France and protector of
..... Click the link for more information.
, who was regent for King Henry VI of England, controlled the north and Guienne (Aquitaine). Vacillating and easily influenced by corrupt favorites, particularly Georges de La TrémoilleLa Trémoille or La Trimouille, Georges de
, c.1385–1446, favorite of King Charles VII of France, sometime chamberlain to John the Fearless of Burgundy.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Charles waged only perfunctory warfare against the English. He was prodded into action by the siege of Orléans (1429) in which Joan of ArcJoan of Arc,
Fr. Jeanne D'Arc (zhän därk), 1412?–31, French saint and national heroine, called the Maid of Orléans; daughter of a farmer of Domrémy on the border of Champagne and Lorraine.
..... Click the link for more information.
 helped save the city from the English. After the capture of Orléans, Charles was crowned (1429) at Reims. He reverted to his earlier inactivity until 1433, when La Trémoille was replaced by more scrupulous and energetic advisers, such as the comte de Richemont (later Arthur IIIArthur III,
1394–1458, duke of Brittany (1457–58), known before 1457 as comte de Richemont, constable of France in the Hundred Years War. He led the coalition that overthrew Georges de La Trémoille, and by the Treaty of Arras (1435) he reconciled Philip the
..... Click the link for more information.
, duke of Brittany) and the comte de DunoisDunois, Jean, comte de
, c.1403–1468, French general, called the Bastard of Orléans; natural son of Louis, duc d'Orléans. He joined the Armagnacs in the civil war during the reign of King Charles VI and was captured (1418) by the Burgundians (see Armagnacs
..... Click the link for more information.
. In 1435, Charles agreed to the Treaty of ArrasArras, Treaty of.
1 Treaty of 1435, between King Charles VII of France and Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy. Through it, France and Burgundy became reconciled. Philip deserted his English allies and recognized Charles as king of France.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which reconciled him with the powerful duke, Philip the GoodPhilip the Good,
1396–1467, duke of Burgundy (1419–67); son of Duke John the Fearless. After his father was murdered (1419) at a meeting with the dauphin (later King Charles VII of France), Philip formed an alliance with King Henry V of England.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Burgundy, who had been an ally of the English. He recovered Paris the following year. In 1440, Charles suppressed the PragueriePraguerie
, 1440, revolt against King Charles VII of France, so called in allusion to the Hussite uprising in Prague. It was led by several great feudal lords, including the comte de Dunois, who resented the diminution of their influence over the royal government.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and in 1444 a truce was signed with England, which lasted until 1449. By the battle of Formigny and the capture of Cherbourg (1450) the English were expelled from Normandy, and the battle of Castillon (1453) resulted in their withdrawal from Guienne. Charles, although dominated by his mistress, Agnès SorelSorel, Agnès
, c.1422–1450, mistress (1444–50) of Charles VII of France. She was the first mistress of a French king to be officially recognized as such. Witty and astute as well as beautiful, she wielded considerable influence over the king and his policies.
..... Click the link for more information.
, proved an able administrator. He reorganized the army and remodeled French finances, established heavy taxation, particularly through the taille, a direct land tax. In 1438, Charles issued the pragmatic sanctionpragmatic sanction,
decision of state dealing with a matter of great importance to a community or a whole state and having the force of fundamental law. The term originated in Roman law and was used on the continent of Europe until modern times.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Bourges, which established the liberty of the French Roman Catholic Church from Rome. In his reign commerce was expanded by the enterprise of Jacques Cœur The end of Charles's rule was disturbed by the intrigues of the dauphin, who succeeded him as Louis XILouis XI,
1423–83, king of France (1461–83), son and successor of Charles VII. Early Life

As dauphin Louis was almost constantly in revolt against his father.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Charles VII,

1697–1745, Holy Roman emperor (1742–45) and, as Charles Albert, elector of Bavaria (1726–45). Having married a daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I, he refused to recognize the pragmatic sanctionpragmatic sanction,
decision of state dealing with a matter of great importance to a community or a whole state and having the force of fundamental law. The term originated in Roman law and was used on the continent of Europe until modern times.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of 1713 by which Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (his wife's uncle) reserved the succession to the Hapsburg lands for his daughter, Maria TheresaMaria Theresa
, 1717–80, Austrian archduchess, queen of Bohemia and Hungary (1740–80), consort of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and dowager empress after the accession (1765) of her son, Joseph II.
..... Click the link for more information.
. On Charles VI's death (1740) he advanced his own claim and joined with Frederick II (of Prussia), France, Spain, and Saxony to attack Maria Theresa (see Austrian Succession, War of theAustrian Succession, War of the,
1740–48, general European war. Causes of the War

The war broke out when, on the strength of the pragmatic sanction of 1713, the Austrian archduchess Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, as ruler
..... Click the link for more information.
). In 1742 he was elected Holy Roman emperor, but Bavaria was overrun by Austrian troops. Shortly before his death he regained his territories. Francis I, husband of Maria Theresa, was elected emperor to succeed him.

Charles VII

1. 1403--61, king of France (1422--61), son of Charles VI. He was excluded from the French throne by the Treaty of Troyes, but following Joan of Arc's victory over the English at Orléans (1429), was crowned
2. 1697--1745, Holy Roman Emperor (1742--45) during the War of the Austrian Succession
References in periodicals archive ?
Peter and Charles VII passage including scientific, architectural and heritage to enable the project owner and the DRAC validate choices to develop a restoration / conservation program .
The voices had told her to seek help from the captain of the royal garrison there, Robert de Baudricourt, who would help her to reach Charles VII.
She envisioned an independent, unified France, and against all odds, she planted this same vision in the weak and indecisive Charles VII and in most of his generals and noblemen.
In the minds of many French people, the coronation ceremony at Rheims would repudiate the claims of the English king to any part of France and validate Charles VII as the legitimate heir of his father, Charles VI, true king of France.
The film suggests that the voices that inspired Joan to unite France under Charles VII might not have come from God, but were instead a result of self-delusional hysteria.
The model for the Madonna was Agnes Sorel, the mistress of France's King Charles VII.
Rule analyses the functions of the Conseil d'en haut; Noel the paralysis of the Spanish government during the 1758-59 crisis; Beales the difficulties inherent in Maria Theresa's co-regency; Scott and Blanning the pivotal role of Frederick II in diplomacy and his often understated influence on German culture; and Butler the crucial and often secret role of Louis XV and Charles VII (of Naples) in diplomacy.
After several other successes, she was able to stand beside Charles VII at his coronation in the cathedral of Rheims.
uk Nicholas Feuillatte NV Brut PS18 Louis Roederer Brut Premier NV PS30 Taittinger Brut Reserve NV PS36 Canard Duchene Charles VII PS35
Styled in the shape of a bell, try Canard Duchene Charles VII NV (pounds 25 from pounds 30, until Jan 31, 2011, Majestic).
However, when the French king Charles VII reconquered Normandy, the university closed.
John Malkovich portrays the Dauphin, later King Charles VII, as indecisive and easily swayed, and Faye Dunaway is good but underused as Charles' steely, pragmatic mother-in-law.